How to Do a Plank: Techniques, Benefits, Variations

Also Known As : Hover use, front plank

Targets: Abdominals and effect muscles

Level: Beginner

The plank is an excellent abdominal and core exercise. To ensure you keep your core solid and stable, add the board to your ab exercise broadcast .


Strengthening the effect is an significant expression of any exercise regimen. A potent and solid congress of racial equality looks and feels good. But more importantly, it helps to stabilize, libra, and world power the body during equitable about every early activity .

Core strength is the basis for all coordinated and potent acrobatic movements. A strong congress of racial equality can reduce stress on the joints and allow you to achieve better model .

The plank drill can besides be used as the basis for a congress of racial equality muscle forte and constancy test. The plank is more of a strength-building exercise than a cardio exercise, but by engaging a range of muscles it can besides help to boost your calorie tan .

bit-by-bit Instructions


Watch Now: Perform the Plank Exercise to Improve Core Strength

Select a position where you can extend your wholly body distance. Using an exercise master of arts in teaching will give you enough padding to be comfortable on all fours. You can choose whether to perform a plank on your palms or your forearms, as shown in the video recording .

  1. Begin in the plank position, face down with your forearms and toes on the floor. Your elbows are directly under your shoulders and your forearms are facing forward. Your head is relaxed and you should be looking at the floor.
  2. Engage your abdominal muscles, drawing your navel toward your spine. Keep your torso straight and rigid and your body in a straight line from your ears to your toes with no sagging or bending. This is the neutral spine position. Ensure your shoulders are down, not creeping up toward your ears. Your heels should be over the balls of your feet.
  3. Hold this position for 10 seconds. Release to floor.
  4. Over time work up to 30, 45, or 60 seconds.

common Mistakes

Avoid these errors to get the most out of this use and to avoid breed or injury .

  • Arching your back: If you arch your back, you are not engaging your abdominals sufficiently and you are putting more of the weight onto your arms. Check to be sure you are keeping your shoulders down and wide.
  • Sagging your hips: Your hips will start sinking once your abs have reached their fatigue limit. That’s a sign it’s time to end your plank. If it seems your hips are sagging from the beginning, try separating your feet a bit wider and focus on engaging your abs.
  • Tilting your head up: Your neck should be in line with your body, not tilted up, which could strain the neck. Keep your gaze down at the floor.

Modifications and Variations

There are several variations of the plank that further work the kernel muscles to build military capability and stability. There are besides ways to modify it if you are a novice .

Need a Modification ?

If you find the board unmanageable at first, try these two variations as you build up military capability .

Tabletop Plank

Verywell / Ben Goldstein
Practice board from a tabletop side by actively pressing into your hands and pulling your ab in, which will help you learn how to keep your spine neutral, as pictured. You can besides tuck your toes under and practice lifting your knees slightly off of the floor. Doing a board with your knees bent and lifted can help take some of the coerce off of your feet as you build core forte .

Incline Plank

You can besides do an slope plank with your forearms or palms resting on a bench or step. Place your forearms or palms on a flat, elevated surface with your elbows immediately under your shoulders. Walk your feet back until your body forms a neat tune on a diagonal. Pull your abs in as you tuck your tailbone slightly and actively compress into your forearms or palms .

up for a Challenge ?

Try these variations to change up your plank and challenge your core strength evening more .

Plank With Leg Lift

Forearm plank with leg lift
Verywell / Ben Goldstein
In ordain to perform a plank with a peg rise, beginning in plank situation with your forearms and toes on the floor. To make this practice a act easier, you can perform the movement on your hands rather than your forearms .

  1. Slowly raise one leg 5 to 8 inches off the floor
  2. Count to two and slowly lower your leg to the floor.
  3. Switch legs and repeat.
  4. Do two to three sets of 10 reps.

Plank With Arm Lift

Forearm plank with arm lift
Verywell / Ben Goldstein
Another way to add kind to the basic plank is to add an sleeve hoist, either by pressing into the opposite forearm or handle. To perform a plank with an arm aerodynamic lift, follow these steps :

  1. Start in plank position.
  2. Carefully shift your weight to your right forearm (or palm).
  3. Extend your left arm straight out in front of you.
  4. Hold for three seconds while keeping your core tight.
  5. Slowly bring your arm back to starting position.
  6. Switch arms and repeat.
  7. Do two to three sets of 10 reps.

Sets of Shorter Planks

rather than doing a single plank for 30 seconds or more, some exercise routines say there are beneficial benefits for doing a 10- to 15-second plank, resting for 30 seconds, and doing three to five sets. Your total time spent in the plank in an exercise session should be 60 seconds or less .

base hit and Precautions

You should not do planks if you have a shoulder injury. If you feel shoulder pain, end the drill. In pregnancy, planks are considered safe for most people though there may be a concern for placing stress on the abdominal wall. It may be best to modify the plank and do a side plank or an incline plank. Talk to your doctor or physical therapist to see if this is an appropriate exercise .

frequently Asked Questions

What muscles do planks work ?

The plank exercise works the entire core, specially the rectus abdominis. It besides works the abdominal muscles that run from the pelvis along the spine and up to the shoulder girdle .

How many calories does planking burn ?

How many calories burned depends on your weight unit and how long you hold the board. typically, a 150-pound individual will burn about 3 to 4 calories a moment holding a plank .

What do planks help with ?

Planks are bang-up for building core lastingness and stability, which helps improve balance and coordination during everyday activities. A solid core can besides support you during early forms of athletic or forcible bodily process and can flush help protect your lower back from injury .

Try It Out

integrate this move into one of these popular workouts :

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