Learn to Speak Italian – Alphabet, Basic Phrases, Classes in Italy…

What are the steps for learning a extraneous language ?
How to acquire the basics, learn some bare sentences and reproduce the pronunciation correctly ?

All you need is the correct approach and some tips to follow .

Learn italian rudiment

Most of the letters in the italian alphabet are the lapp as the English ones, although they have a different pronunciation .
In italian we don ’ t have words with the letters “ potassium ” ( cappa ), “ west ” ( vi/vu doppia ), “ ten ” ( ics ), “ yttrium ” ( iodine greca ) and “ j ” ( i lunga ), however we use them in foreign and borrowed words .
A effective means to start practice is pronouncing single letters before moving on to reading the entire words.

A
A

/a/

like AULA
bacillus
Bi

/b/

like BORSA
C
Ci

/k/

or

/tʃ/

like CESTINO
five hundred
Di

/d/

like DIZIONARIO
vitamin e
e

/e/

or

/ɛ/

like ELEFANTE
farad
Effe

/f/

like FINESTRA
gram
Gi

/ɡ/

or

/dʒ/

like GESSO
hydrogen
Acca like HOTEL
I
I

/i/

or

/j/

like INSEGNANTE
liter
Elle

/l/

like LIBRO
thousand
Emme

/m/

like MATITA
north
Enne

/n/

like NONNO
oxygen
O

/o/

or

/ɔ/

like OROLOGIO
phosphorus
Pi

/p/

like PENNA

q
Cu

/k(w)/

like QUADERNO
roentgen
Erre

/r/

like RADIO
south
Esse

/s/

or

/z/

like SCUOLA
triiodothyronine
Ti

/t/

like TAVOLO
u
uranium

/u/

or

/w/

like UOVO
five
Vi/Vu

/v/

like VINO
z
Zeta

/ts/

or

/dz/

like ZAINO
With the letters “ C ” and “ G ” the sound can vary according to the vowel that follows
“ soft fathom ”

  • CE /ʧ/ like “CENA” – GE /ʤ/ like “GELATO”
  • CI like “CIAO” – GI like “GIRAFFA”

“ hard reasoned ”

  • CA /k/ like “CASA” – GA /g/ like “ GALLERIA”
  • CO like “COLORE” – GO  like “GONNA”
  • CU like “CUORE” – GU like “GUANTO”
  • CHE like “AMICHE” – GHE like “GHEPARDO”
  • CHI like “CHILO” – GHI like “GHIACCIO”

For “ GN ” sound /ɲ/ just remember “ GNOCCHI ” 🙂

Viva gli gnocchi !
GLI ” sound /ʎ/ like aglio, foglia, luglio
As for the letters “ E, O, S, Z ” their pronunciation count on the italian regional accents

  • “e” for /e/ and /ɛ/;
  • “o” for /o/ and /ɔ/;
  • “s”, for /s/ or /z/;
  • “z”, for /ts/ or /dz/;

The letter “ h ” in italian is silent, we do not pronounce it and it normally distinguishes two homophone words for exercise the noun “ anno” means year and the one-third plural person of “ avere ” ( to have ) is “hanno”; or the simple preposition “a” differs from the third base person singular of “ avere ” ( “ hour angle ” ) .
The “ S ” phone can be “ delicate ” or “ harsh ” /z/ when : ( SONORA is when the sound vibrates, if you put your fingers on your throat you can feel it vibrates ) when :

  • It is between 2 vowels for example in ROSA”,” VISO”, “CHIESA”, “USO”
  • when it’s followed by a voiced consonant “b”, “d”, “g”, “l”, “m”, “n”, “r”, “v”  for example “SBATTERE, SMETTERE, SGRIDARE”

The “ S ” reasoned is “ soft ” /s/ ( SORDA )

  • at the beginning of a word when a vowel follows for example “SOLE”
  • when it’s double “ROSSO”
  • at the end of a word “AUTOBUS”
  • when it is followed by a harsh consonant for example “SCUOLA” “CASCO”
  • when it comes after a consonant “FALSO” “PENSO”

S ” and “ Z ” sound can be stressed or unstressed when the consonant is between vowels or at the begin of a parole ; but the pronunciation varies a fortune according to the region in Italy ( softer in the South, harsh in the North ) .

Practice some basic phrases

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Learning a few basic phrases will help you to get a little more conversant with the italian terminology .

basic italian Phrases

  • Buongiorno (Good morning)
  • Buona sera (Good evening)
  • Buona notte (Good night)
  • Ciao (Hi / Hello / Bye)
  • Come stai? (How are you?)
  • Sto bene. (I am fine)
  • Scusi / Scusa (Excuse me [formal / informal])
  • Mi dispiace (I am sorry)
  • Per favore / Per piacere (Please)
  • Si, No (Yes, No)
  • Grazie (Thank you)
  • Prego (You’re welcome)
  • Buona giornata (Have a nice day)
  • Arrivederci (Goodbye)

italian Phrases for Meeting and Greeting

  • Come ti chiami? (What is your name?)
  • Mi chiamo Martin. (My name is Martin)
  • Piacere (Nice to meet you)
  • Come stai? (How are you?)
  • Parli inglese? (Do you speak English?)
  • Mi dispiace, ma non parlo bene l’italiano. (I’m sorry, I don’t speak Italian very well)
  • Non capisco (I don’t understand)
  • Può ripetere per favore? (Excuse me, can you repeat please?)
  • Può parlare lentamente? (Could you speak slowly?)
  • Cosa significa…? (What does it mean..?)
  • Come si dice..? (How can I say…)

Want to start learning italian by yourself ?

You can start studying italian by yourself with textbooks or by using other educational resources like app .
An easy way to learn promptly is labeling items in your family with the appropriate italian words and pronouncing them out loud when you see them .
Watch italian movies and listen to italian songs on YouTube with subtitles ; you don ’ t need to understand every word, rather just focus on the general meaning of the phrases .
Look at Italian media : media ingress is a beneficial direction to continue improving your skills, and it helps you gain a deeper understand of the italian language as you can learn more about its culture and traditions .
To study raw words, try to find words that are similar to words in your own language or the other languages you may know, but as constantly pay attention to false friends .
There is no unique or best method to learn a language ; when you study by yourself merely find your own one, the main thing is to enjoy it, therefore find topics you are concerned in, enjoyable materials, vigil serial you love or listen to podcasts and songs you like, obviously… in italian !

Come to Italy and take italian classes

Study Italian in Italy : if you want to become eloquent in italian, the best thing to do is come to Italy and study the lyric and culture here, for angstrom retentive as you can .
spend time with other students or with people who speak italian : talking to people is the best way to improve your language skills ; you should try and set yourself the goal of only speaking italian for a fully hour or then.
inevitably you ’ ll meet english-speaking students but try to speak merely italian and to avoid English, even if it ’ mho unmanageable at beginning. With adequate time and practice you ’ ll be able to speak fluently !
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Category : How To

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