Note: This page reflects APA 6, which is now out of date. It will remain on-line until 2021, but will not be updated. The equivalent APA 7 page can be found here .
Please use the case at the bottomland of this page to cite the Purdue OWL in APA.
Reading: General Format // Purdue Writing Lab
To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all APA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart .
You can besides watch our APA vidcast serial on the Purdue OWL YouTube Channel .
General APA Guidelines
Your essay should be typed and double-space on standard-sized wallpaper ( 8.5 ” ten 11 ” ), with 1 ” margins on all sides. You should use a unclutter baptismal font that is highly clear. APA recommends using 12 platinum. Times New Roman font .
Include a page header ( besides known as the “ running head “ ) at the top of every foliate. To create a page header/running head, insert page numbers flush right. then type “ TITLE OF YOUR PAPER ” in the header bloom left using all capital letters. The running head is a shorten version of your paper ‘s title and can not exceed 50 characters including space and punctuation .
Major Paper Sections
Your essay should include four major sections : the Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References .
The entitle page should contain the title of the wallpaper, the author’s name, and the institutional affiliation. Include the page header ( described above ) flush left with the foliate number flush right at the top of the foliate. Please note that on the title page, your page header/running head should look like this :
Running question : title OF YOUR composition
Pages after the title page should have a run head that looks like this :
title OF YOUR newspaper
After consulting with publication specialists at the APA, OWL staff learned that the APA 6th edition, beginning printing sample papers have incorrect examples of running heads on pages after the title page. This link will take you to the APA site where you can find a complete list of all the errors in the APA ‘s 6th version vogue scout .
Type your title in amphetamine and small letter letters centered in the upper half of the page. APA recommends that your title be no more than 12 words in length and that it should not contain abbreviations or words that serve no purpose. Your title may take up one or two lines. All text on the title page, and throughout your paper, should be double-space.
Beneath the title, type the author’s name : first name, middle initial ( randomness ), and last name. Do not use titles ( Dr. ) or degrees ( PhD ) .
Beneath the writer ‘s mention, type the institutional affiliation, which should indicate the localization where the writer ( s ) conducted the inquiry .
Begin a new page. Your outline page should already include the page header ( described above ). On the first base line of the abstract page, center the word “ Abstract ” ( no bold, format, italics, underlining, or quotation marks ) .
Beginning with the future line, write a concise summary of the identify points of your research. ( Do not indent. ) Your abstract should contain at least your inquiry topic, research questions, participants, methods, results, data analysis, and conclusions. You may besides include possible implications of your research and future solve you see connected with your findings. Your abstract should be a single paragraph, double-space. Your abstraction should be between 150 and 250 words .
You may besides want to list keywords from your composition in your abstract. To do this, indentation as you would if you were starting a newfangled paragraph, type Keywords : ( italicized ), and then list your keywords. Listing your keywords will help researchers find your work in databases .
Please see our Sample APA Paper resource to see an case of an APA newspaper. You may besides visit our Additional Resources page for more examples of APA papers .
How to Cite the Purdue OWL in APA
The page template for the newfangled OWL web site does not include contributors ‘ names or the page ‘s last edit date. however, blue-ribbon pages, like the Citation Style Chart, still include this information .
In the absence of contributor/edit date information, treat the page as a source with a group generator and use the abbreviation “ n.d. ” for “ no date ” :
Purdue Online Writing Lab. ( n.d. ). title of resource. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol : //Web address for OWL resource
Purdue Online Writing Lab. ( n.d. ). general Writing FAQs. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol : //epicentreconcerts.org/owl/general_writing/general_writing_faqs.html
The generic APA citation for OWL pages, which includes author/edit date information, is this :
Contributors ‘ names. ( last edit date ). style of resource. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol : //Web address for OWL resource
Paiz, J., Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., …Keck, R. ( 2010, May 5 ). general format. Retrieved from hypertext transfer protocol : //owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/