Chemical burns: First aid – Mayo Clinic

Chemical burns are weave damage caused by strong acids, drain cleaners, paint slender, gasoline and many other substances. normally, you are mindful of such a burn and its induce. But sometimes you may not immediately recognize a sunburn caused by a meek chemical. As with some sunburns, the damage may develop hours after the exposure. major chemical burns need emergency aesculapian assistant. minor chemical burn can normally be treated with first aid.

When to seek emergency care

Call 911 or seek immediate care for major chemical burns, which :

  • Are deep, involving all layers of the skin
  • Are larger than 3 inches (about 8 centimeters) in diameter
  • Cover the hands, feet, face, groin, buttocks, or a major joint or encircles an arm or leg
  • Might cause shock, with symptoms such as cool, clammy skin, weak pulse and shallow breathing.

If you ‘re uncertain you ‘ve been exposed to a toxic chemical, call a poison dominance center then call 911. There are two ways to get aid from Poison Control in the United States : on-line at www.poison.org or by calling 800-222-1222. Both options are loose, confidential and available 24 hours a day. If you seek emergency medical avail, take the container or the list of the chemical with you .

First aid for chemical burns

If you think you have a chemical burn, take these steps immediately :

  • Remove dry chemicals. Put on gloves and brush off any remaining material.
  • Remove contaminated clothing or jewelry and rinse chemicals off for at least 20 minutes, in a shower if it’s available. Protect your eyes from chemical contamination.
  • Bandage the burn. Cover the burn with a clean bandage. Wrap it loosely to avoid putting pressure on burned skin.
  • Rinse again if needed. If you feel more burning, rinse the area again for several more minutes.

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  1. Burns. Merck Manual Professional Version. https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/injuries-poisoning/burns/burns#. Accessed Dec. 14, 2021.
  2. Burns. American College of Emergency Physicians. https://www.emergencyphysicians.org/article/know-when-to-go/burns. Accessed Dec. 14, 2021.
  3. Cameron P, et al., eds. Burns. In: Textbook of Adult Emergency Medicine. 5th ed. Elsevier; 2020. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Dec. 17, 2021.
  4. Thompson DA. Burns. In: Adult Telephone Protocols: Office Version. 4th ed. American Academy of Pediatrics; 2018.
  5. Kermott CA, et al., eds. Emergencies and urgent care. In: Mayo Clinic Guide to Self-Care. 7th ed. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2017.
  6. Purdue GF, et al. Acute assessment and management of burn injuries. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America. 2011; doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2011.01.004.

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