## How to tell time on a clock

To tell time on an analogue clock, you look at where the hands are pointing. The short or small hand tells you the hour, the hanker or big hand tells you the minute of the current hour, and the thinnest hand indicates the seconds of the current hour .

Reading clocks is an significant biography skill since you see analogue clocks and watches in your classroom, on people ’ s wrists, and in many public places. You never know when you will be without a digital watch or digital clock you have on your cell telephone .

## What is an analog clock?

An analogue clock is a timekeeping device with numbers around the edge with hands that rotate around to indicate the time. We use clocks to see the elapse time .

Anything that moves constantly is an analogue, so the large round clock in your classroom with three sticks spinning around is called an analogue clock .

When a distinctive analogue clock shows the clock is 8:22 and 5 seconds, it could mean 8:22 a. m. or 8:22 p. m. You can not tell from an analogue clock if the prison term is morning ( ante meridiem ) or afternoon ( post meridiem ) .

Most analogue clocks will have three sticks mounted in the center that spin around the clock to tell you the time. These are called clock hands. These three hands are for the hours, minutes, and seconds .

### Hour hand

The little hand is the **hour hand**. The hour hand tells you what hour it is. When the hour hand is between two numbers, it tells you we are between those two hours. The short hand or hour hired hand makes one fully rotation around the dial in 12 hours .

### Minute hand

The longer hand on the clock is called the **minute hand**. The long hand or minute hired hand moves around the circular dial one time in one hour .

### Second hand

The very thinly hand that is normally barely adenine long as the minute hand is the **second hand**. It moves one prison term around the dial in one minute and indicates the seconds of each minute .

### Analog clock dial

The hands of a clock are rotating around what we call the dial or clock face. normally, the dial is marked with the numbers 1 through 12, with 12 at the top, 6 at the bottom, 9 on the far bequeath, and 3 on the far right. The other numbers are in between those numbers .

All those numbered positions are the hour markers. Between the hour markers are four belittled marks, which each indicate one minute. Those same marks besides indicate seconds .

On some clocks or watches, the Arabic numbers might be replaced with roman numerals, but reading the clock works the same .

## How to read an analog clock

An analogue clock is confusing because it has three layers, all stacked onto the dial .

One layer is the hours, which are the numbers only. The other two layers are the minutes and seconds – all the number positions and all the modest marks in between .

To read an analogue clock, begin with the hours. Look at the shortest hand lone ; this is the hour hand .

The hour hand will point directly at a phone number only 12 times in 12 hours. Most of the time, you will see it pointing between two numbers .

When the hour hand is pointed directly at a clock number, you know it is precisely that hour. When the hour hand is in between two hours, the phone number behind the hand is the current hour .

For example, if the hand is past 1, then we are at some time between 1 o ’ clock and 2 o ’ clock. If the hand is by 3, then we have passed 3 o ’ clock and are approaching 4 o ’ clock .

adjacent, we determine the minutes. When measuring minutes or seconds, we have to multiply the print numbers times 5 :

- 1 = 5
- 2 = 10
- 3 = 15
- 4 = 20
- 5 = 25
- 6 = 30
- 7 = 35
- 8 = 40
- 9 = 45
- 10 = 50
- 11 = 55
- 12 = 60

When the minute hand is pointing to the 1, it indicates 5 minutes past the current hour .

If you divide the dial into four quarters, when the moment hand is pointing at the 12, it is a new hour. When it points at the 3, we are a quarter past the hour .

When the minute hand points at the 6, it is two-quarters by, but we say half past the hour because this minute hand is half-way around the dial. This is adequate to one-half hour of elapsed clock .

When it is pointing to the first little marker between the 1 and the 2, it indicates that it is 6 minutes past the current hour .

The second hand works the same manner. It precisely indicates seconds rather of minutes, and when it has made one full moon rotation around the clock, it indicates one moment has elapsed .

### How to read a watch without numbers

Some identical fondness watches do not use the print numbers. You are expected to know what the bold marks mean. Telling clock time on watches without numbers works the like direction as a clock with numbers. Just pretend the numbers are there and decide where the hands are pointing .

At first, memorizing the positions and numbers may seem hard, but you can learn how to tell time without needing the numbers if you commit .

## Practice telling time

In our example below, the hour hired hand has gone past the 8 but is not yet on the 9. What hour is it according to this clock ?

We know we are in the 8 o ’ clock hour .

After determining the hour, we need to know the minutes after the beginning of that hour. We look at the longest hand ( the big hand ), which will move much faster than the hour hand. We use our mental mathematics to multiply those print numbers times 5, or we count the small marks between the numbers .

In our example clock, the minute hand is two marks past the 4. What Is 4 × 5 ? The answer is 20 .

Add 2 for the two marks, and we have 22 minutes after the hour .

The hour was 8 o ’ clock, so we are at 8:22. Remember, we have no manner of knowing if the clock is showing good morning or even time.

last are the seconds. Reading the seconds on an analogue clock is slippery because the second base hand moves very fast. In our example, the second hand is sweeping just past the 1. We know that 1 × 5 = 5. The clock is showing 5 seconds past the infinitesimal, so our clock time is 8:22 and 5 seconds .

This can be written as 08:22:05 .