If you ’ re wondering what betta fish food, or how much and how much, you ’ re not entirely. amazingly this is one of the most frequent questions when it comes to first-time betta keeping, and overfeeding is very common ! To promote complicate things, it ’ s not always wise to rely on the information from pet stores or on the food product labels either .
Bettas can be downright finical eaters besides and tend to prefer eating food on the come on of the body of water rather of on the substrate of a tank. Bettas require a well-balanced diet that is rich in protein because they are primarily carnivores. It ’ s a myth that bettas can survive simply by feeding on the roots of plants.
Most betta keepers decide to feed pellets because they are simple and effective. Pellets create less mess and you can easily assign them out for feedings. Live, lyophilized, or frigid foods can be used as treats or implemented into their day by day feed routine excessively .
To keep your betta happy and healthy please follow each food and feed road map below as these tips could literally save your fish ’ south biography :
Best Betta Fish Food: Dietary Requirements
Betta pisces are classified as carnivores, and eat insects in the baseless. The best betta food replicates these specific dietary needs without a bunch of added and indigestible fillers. For most betta keepers it may not be possible to informant or provide alive foods as a betta fish ’ south main diet. It ’ sulfur well then, to provide a variety of high-quality pellets, flakes, freeze dried, frozen and live foods. Each is covered below .
Providing the best nutritional value focuses on a betta ’ s need of protein, fatness, fiber, phosphorus, carbohydrates, calcium, and vitamins ( A, D3, E, K, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, C, H, M ). Make certain your betta food is natural and contains protein as the first component. Do not purchase or feed flakes made for goldfish or other tropical fish.
Betta pisces have very short digestive tracts and do not process fillers like corn whiskey and pale yellow identical well. These fillers are often found in many shot and flake foods and can lead to excess bloat and digestive issues ( e.g. stultification ). Betta ’ s receive no nutritional benefit from fillers and precisely pass them off as consume. It ’ south very significant you provide foods high in protein to satisfy their carnivorous needs. Fiber and moisture are besides important to aid their digestion .
Betta Fish Pellets
Pellets are the most coarse betta fish food on the market, with quality varying greatly across each. The best pellets for betta fish will have fewer fillers and more high-quality ingredients that help fish boom. Some betta fish pellets expand significantly after they are exposed to water system .
This can cause bloat and digestive issues if you ’ rhenium not careful as they ’ ll extend in your betta ’ sulfur stomach. For pellets that expand once wet, soak them in tank water before feeding to hydrate them, particularly if your betta attacks food instantaneously .
|NorthFin Betta Bits||-Crude Protein (min): 45%
-Crude Fat (min): 16%
-Crude Fiber (min): 4%
-Moisture (max): 9%
-Ash (max): 10%
|-No fillers or hormones
-No dyes or artificial coloring
-Ideal 1mm size
|– May be hard to find, except online||$$$$||5.0|
|New Life Spectrum Betta Formula||-Crude Protein (min): 37%
-Crude Fat (min): 5%
-Crude Fiber (max): 4%
-Moisture (max): 10%
-Ash (max): 8%
|-Color enhancing ingredients
-Almost no fillers
-Does not cloud water
|-Semi-floating may easily sink
-Inconsistent pellet sizing
|Ocean Nutrition Betta Pellets||Crude Protein (min): 36%
Crude Fat (min): 4.5%
Crude Fiber (max): 5%
Moisture (max): 8%
Ash (max): 15%
|-High in vitamins and protein
-Small size and easy to digest
-Does not cloud water
-Freshness may expire before using
-May not float for very long
|Hikari Betta Bio-Gold||-Crude Protein (min): 38%
-Crude Fat (min): 4%
-Crude Fiber (min): 3%
-Moisture (max): 10%
-Ash (max): 12%
|-Color enhancing ingredients
|-Fillers and artificial coloring
|Omega One Betta Buffet Pellets||-Crude Protein (min): 40%
-Crude Fat (min): 5%
-Crude Fiber (min): 2%
-Moisture (max): 8.5%
-Ash (max): 8%
|-High in crude protein
-Primary ingredient is salmon
-Low in ash
-Smaller pellet size
|-Does not float for very long
-Fillers and artificial colors
-Pellet size may be inconsistent
|Aqueon Betta Food||-Crude Protein (min): 38%
-Crude Fat (min): 7%
-Crude Fiber (max): 7%
-Moisture (max): 8%
-Phosphorous (min): 1%
|-Small pellet size
-Comes in color enhancing blend
|-A lot of fillers
-Does not float very long
Freeze-Dried Betta Food
Freeze dried food is a capital choice to introduce some of the betta ’ s natural food into their diet, but it does not replace the timbre of live or frozen foods. Freeze dried foods have been stripped of their moisture and have added fillers to keep them stable .
It ’ randomness recommended that you soak them in tank water before feeding to rehydrate them, increasing the moisture content. Feeding only freeze dried food can lead to bloating and constipation issues .
One large profit to freeze dried foods, however, is they are detached of bacteria and parasites.They are besides easily to find at local anesthetic fish stores and on-line and are relatively cheap. They store well and often come in your distinctive pisces food containers .
Betta Fish Flakes
There are particular flakes made specifically for betta fish. Do not feed your betta other tropical fish flakes because they lack the protein requirements bettas motivation. Betta flakes can be a staple in regular feedings, but they can besides be very messy. surfeit or sink flakes should be removed immediately after feeding. Betta pisces often refuse to eat flakes deoxyadenosine monophosphate well .
|Omega One Betta Flakes||-Crude Protein (min): 43%
-Crude Fat (min): 12%
-Crude Fiber (max): 2%
-Moisture (max): 8.5%
-Ash (max): 8%
|Tetra BettaMin||-Crude Protein (min): 48%
-Crude Fat (min): 8.5%
-Crude Fiber (max): 1.5%
-Moisture (max): 7%
-Phosphorus (min): 1.1%
Live & Frozen Betta Food
If you ’ ve never fed your betta anything other than pellets then you and your betta are missing out. Betta pisces are carnivores and they get increasingly aggressive during feedings when they have to stalk their prey. This is besides the best means to replicate their natural habitat and food sources .
Some are harder to informant than others but make for a poise diet. Be careful of where you source your live and frozen foods from, as they may carry parasites and other diseases. Never feed your betta something you caught outdoors either .
Frozen foods come in many of the same options. It ’ s a capital alternative to keeping survive food. Frozen betta food may be kept in your deep-freeze until you ’ re ready to defrost and feed them to your betta. entirely take adenine much as you need placing the rest back into the deep-freeze to prevent thaw. Never refreeze any food that has been thawed as it could have been exposed to bacteria .
These options below are a betta ’ s favorites :
1. Live/Frozen Mosquito Larvae
A staple in their natural habitat, mosquito larva are an excellent betta food option. While they may be hard to source during the winter months, mosquitos and their larva are identical active voice and abundant during spring and summer and in affectionate climates. Purchase a starter culture and harvest them yourself, or find a reputable local or on-line storehouse that carries them .
2. Live/Frozen Brine Shrimp
Brine shrimp are an aquatic crustacean that betta fish love. The photograph above is zoomed in, from the University of Utah, they only grow up to 1 centimeter as adults. Brine shrimp are packed with the nutritional needs that betta pisces need to thrive on ( proteins, vitamins, and amino acids ), and they ’ ra easy to raise excessively. They can besides be found at most local fish stores, making them a good option for varying up your betta ’ mho diet .
3. Live/Frozen Bloodworms
Bloodworms or Glycera are the larva of the midge fly and can be found in pools and ponds of body of water. Betta pisces normally gorge on them in the wild, making them ideal variations for even the finical of eaters. Betta ’ s put on a big show when going after these guys, but they shouldn ’ thymine be used as the exclusive informant of food because they lack amino acids. They are senior high school in cast-iron content, resulting in their bright red color. If you can ’ metric ton handle the hot option ( they are reasonably arrant looking ), they besides come in a gel or lyophilized option .
4. Live/Frozen Wingless Fruit Flies
besides known as the vinegar fly, the common fruit fly is something you are credibly very familiar with. Have you always left bananas, apples or early fruit out in your kitchen, and all of a sudden there ’ second swarms of fiddling bugs flying around them ? Those are fruit flies and betta pisces love them because they are insectivores. While you can technically drop them in for feed, you don ’ thymine know what diseases they may have and they may fly out. rather, there is a wingless and flightless assortment that is ideal for feeding betta fish and can even be bred and harvested in a belittled container cheaply .
5. Live/Frozen Mysis Shrimp
Mysis prawn, or opossum runt, are another bang-up option for betta pisces because of their exoskeleton. This outside is rich in character, which aids the digestion of protein-rich foods. If your betta pisces is a finical eater, these guys might do the antic for some kind. They are packed with betta-loving nutrients, more sol than brine prawn, and are besides high in moisture and amino acids .
How Much & How Often to Feed a Betta Fish?
Pay no care to the total and instructions on the side of the betta fish food can. These directions are much very mislead and can cause problems with your betta and the water quality in your tank. typical fertilize instructions say to feed adenine a lot as your fish will consume in 5 minutes, or to feed several times daily in amounts that can be consumed in 3 minutes. This is not recommended and will lead to overfeeding and overindulgence waste .
- Betta fish pellets (2-4 pellets, 1-2 times daily)
- Live, frozen, or freeze-dried (2-3 pieces, 1-2 times daily)
Adult bettas can be fed once per day, and babies ( fry ) can be fed doubly per day. It might not seem like adequate, but many pellets expand to more than 2X their size once they get wet. To put this into further position, a betta fish’s stomach is roughly the size of their eye! Additional feedings may be necessity depending on the bodily process tied and personality of your betta .
Bettas will overeat if you let them. Overfeeding and overeating can lead to stultification, bloat, fleshiness ( that ’ mho properly betta pisces can get fat ), swim bladder problems, contracting diseases because of the bacteria feeding on the overindulgence food breaking down, and even death .
Ideal Feeding Schedule:
- Monday: Betta fish pellets (2-4 pellets, 1-2 times daily)
- Tuesday: Live, frozen, or freeze-dried (2-3 pieces, 1-2 times daily)
- Wednesday: Betta fish pellets (2-4 pellets, 1-2 times daily)
- Thursday: Betta fish pellets (2-4 pellets, 1-2 times daily)
- Friday: Live, frozen, or freeze-dried (2-3 pieces, 1-2 times daily)
- Saturday: Betta fish pellets (2-4 pellets, 1-2 times daily)
- Sunday: Fast to keep digestive regularity
Always clean up any overindulgence food that falls to the bottom of the tank with an aquarium designated joker baster. This will prevent ammonia buildup and the potential for harmful diseases being present from food decay .
It ’ mho besides a good mind to not feed your betta one day per week, this gives their digestive nerve pathway clock time to fully process food and it limits problems associated with gorge. If you ’ re going to be gone for a day or two, or on vacation, don ’ t pour extra betta food in either .
Extra eating will lead to overeating or they may not eat the excess at all. If you want to know how long betta fish can go without food too, it’s actually 14 days. consequently, it ’ second always good not to feed your betta over the weekend or for a day or two than it is to feed them extra .
What If Your Betta Fish Won’t Eat?
If your betta fish won ’ thymine feed or seems completely uninterested in food don ’ triiodothyronine concern. A lack of appetite may mean that they are not hungry or have recently undergone some type of stress ( e.g. tank scavenge, modern family, abrupt urine temperature changes ). Again, don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate worry about a couple days because bettas can survive up to 14 days without food .
cold body of water that is outside of the commend range of 76-81 degrees Fahrenheit may besides cause your betta to act lethargic and will slow their metamorphosis. A lower metabolism means they will need fewer feedings. As betta fish grow older they will besides be less active and may eat less frequently, this is convention .
If your betta isn’t eating it may also be a sign of illness. Just like when we are nauseated, betta pisces besides won ’ t have big appetites while they are ill. Make certain to monitor for signs of illness and disease, and initiate the proper treatments a soon as possible .
once a betta recovers, their appetite will besides begin to come rear excessively. As mentioned above bettas can be finical excessively. If you notice your betta fish spitting out his or her food, or turns away from it, you may need to try a different kind or brand.
That ’ s a lot of data to digest, but as a betta keeper, it is our duty to make sure they have a well-adjusted diet for optimum health. Myths exist regarding live foods causing constipation and bloat. This can happen, but it ’ sulfur normally from a miss of character in the betta ’ second diet, or overfeeding .
Remember, betta fish may eat flush if they are not hungry. In the barbarian, betta fish may not know when their adjacent meal is, so their instinct is to continue eating while food is available .
Ranked in order, the best betta food is live, frozen, freeze-dried, pellets, and flakes. Feeding a variety show of different foods will provide the array of nutrients a betta pisces needs to thrive.
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How much to feed your betta pisces can depend on their individual bodily process degree, but 2-3 pellets 1-2 times casual is a safe come. Get in the habit of sticking to a even feed schedule so that you don ’ triiodothyronine forget whether or not you fed them .
Please ask any questions you may calm have about specific betta fish food and feed procedures in the comments below .