It ‘s always best to learn prepositions in context. In our singular italian Frequency Dictionary series, you will learn 10,000 most common words in italian. Every discussion is followed by an model sentence which shows you its usage in context. It ‘s extremely helpful and makes learning newfangled vocabulary fun and easy .
One Word, Several Translations; How to Say “To” in Italian
The unlike translations of the password “ to ” in italian are rooted in the numerous functions it plays in communication. The uses are about a diverse as they are in English, and some translations are dear equipped to express the purpose of the word than others .
The most common translations of “ to ” in italian are a, in, per, di, and da .
How to Translate “To” into Italian when Expressing Movement or Direction
When talking about apparent motion somewhere ( to a position ), the most common translations are :
- a – to : Tutte le strade portano a Roma. – All roads lead to Rome. Vado a scuola. – I go to educate .
- in – to ( a country ) Voglio tornare in Italia. – I want to go back to Italy .
Let ’ s take a spirit at some more exercise sentences :
- Stiamo andando a Roma. – We are going to Rome.
It can be used to express the destination of a journey or trip. When used in the first person curious, the phrase becomes Sto andando a Roma .
As you move to the third and second-person pronouns, the formulation remains the same except for the pronoun, which becomes stanno for they and sta and lei sta for he and she respectively .
When talking about how you plan on getting to a finish, the bible “ to ” is used since it connects the verb and the noun of the destination. For exemplify, Stiamo volando a Roma translates as “ We are flying to Rome. ”
- Volerò in Germania. – I will fly to Germany.
When talking about movement in connection with countries, “ to ” is translated as in .
Translating “ To ” when Describing a Receiver of an carry through
In English, you would use “ to ” after verb, such as to give, to talk, to lend, to show, or to pay attention. In other words, you talk about person who receives something. No matter if it ’ s a book or person ‘s attention .
In italian, the most common translation of “ to ” in this case is, again, “ a ” :
- Monstralo a Giuseppe . – Show it to Joseph .
- Sto scrivendo a Marco . – I ’ megabyte writing to Mark.
italian Equivalents of the English Infinitives of Purpose
In English, an infinitive with “ to ” is frequently used to answer the wonder “ Why ? ” ( I called him to apologize ). Let ’ s take a look at some italian examples to show you how to express aim .
- Sono venuto per parlare bunco tellurium . – I ’ ve come to talk to you .
- She stopped to smoke a cigarette. – Si fermò per fumare una sigaretta .
- Ho comprato united nations giornale district attorney leggere in aeroplano . – I bought a magazine to read on the plane .
Other Verb Phrases with “To”
- Sono andato a trovarlo. – I went to visit him.
Verbs of bowel movement are largely followed by “ a ” in Italian, even with infinitives .
- Vado a cucinare. – I am going to cook.
It is used to indicate something you are planning on doing in the future. It can be used as a matter of fact, a instruction, or a question .
It can either be indicative of time or an token that one is planning on fudge. The think of is dependent on what comes earlier and after the phrase .
- Spero di vederti. – I hope to see you.
Although it is majorly an informal idiom used by close acquaintances expressing their desire fitting, it can besides be used in a semiformal fructify. It is, however, not ideal for formal spaces since it reveals a certain flush of familiarity .
- Sto per restare. – I am going to stay.
This is used when indicating a desire to remain in a place. It can, however, be used when describing one ’ s accommodation plans. In this case, the translation of “ to ” shifts from “ per ” to “ di. “
Ho intenzione di stare in un hotel means I am going to stay in a hotel. The interrogate where are you going to stay translates as : Dove avete intenzione di soggiornare?
- Non vedo l’ora di vedervi. – I look forward to seeing you.
This an informal expression to meet person. In a a lot more ball set, the appropriate phrasing would be taken from the English one that reads “ I look advancing to making your acquaintance ” – N on vedo l’ora di farti conoscere .
- Sono pronto per partire. – I am ready to leave.
This give voice can be used both formally and colloquially. When asking person if they are prepare to go, you use : sei pronto per partire?
How to Translate “ To ” into italian – a Quick Summary
You can see that the preposition “ to ” can be used in a kind of ways. Let ’ s revise the most significant data to remember :
- When talking about apparent motion or focus, habit “ a ” with cities and “ in ” with countries .
- When describing a telephone receiver of an carry through, habit “ a ” ( Show it to John. – Monstralo a John. )
- You normally have to memorize which preposition to use after sealed verb. however, verbs of movement are largely followed by “ a. ”