The Ultimate Guide to Eliminating Cat Pee Smell

Updated and reviewed for accuracy on April 7, 2020, by Dr. Katie Grzyb, DVM
When your kat starts urinating outside the bedding material box, the smell can be unmanageable to get rid of and closely impossible to mask .
Whether your big cat pees on the carpet, a patch of furniture, layer linens, or your clothes, it ’ mho important to neutralize the olfactory property to prevent your kat from becoming a repeat wrongdoer. Cats often return to a smudge where they have previously urinated if the smell is not eliminated .
It ’ mho besides authoritative to determine the cause of this demeanor, which could be a sign of a health issue or try.

here is your ultimate guide to eliminating cat urine smells and determining why your caterpillar is make outside the bedding material corner to begin with .

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Why Cat Pee Stinks

Cat urine is not all that different from other animals ’ urine, but what gives kat urine such a bad smell ?

Cat Urine Gets Worse With Time

Cat urine that ’ sulfur outside the litter box is normally unnoticed until it becomes a trouble .
After a while, the bacteria in the urine decomposes and gives off an ammonia-like smell that ’ s characteristic of stale, erstwhile urine .
In the moment stage of the decomposition serve, the urine emits mercaptans, which are compounds that give shutout atomizer its characteristic bad smell .

Older Animals Have Smellier Urine

Older cats have kidneys that have lost some of their efficiency, and as a consequence, they tend to have the worst-smelling urine .

Unaltered Males Have Hormones in Their Urine

Adding to the malodor are the mighty hormones that cats eliminate when they pee. Unless male cats are neutered, their testosterone-spiked urine signals other males to stay off and lets females know they ’ re about .

Why Cats Urinate Outside of the Litter Box

There are a number of reasons why a vomit may start peeing outside the litter box. While some owners may think that their kat does it as a manner of getting even for something, cats lack the sophisticated cognitive abilities needed to concoct that type of retaliation scheme .
“ Despite popular belief, cats do not urinate outside the box to ‘get back ‘ at the owner for something, ” said Dr. Laura George, DVM at Cats Exclusive Veterinary Center in Shoreline, Washington .
If your cat ’ second not using the litter box, it ’ s probable that he or she is trying to tell you something crucial .

Health Issues Can Cause Inappropriate Urination

The first matter you need to do is rule out a aesculapian problem, says Dr. Bruce Kornreich, DVM, PhD, DACVIM, and consort director of the Cornell Feline Health Center .
checkup issues related to inappropriate micturition can include urinary tract infections, kidney disease, diabetes, hyperthyroidism, and feline lower urinary tract disease. These can cause a computerized tomography to urinate outside the litter box, particularly if they associate the litter box with pain .
If you believe your cat is suffering from any of these conditions, or is exhibiting extra symptoms, bring them to your veterinarian immediately. Untreated conditions such as urinary tract infections can become dangerous .

Arthritis Can Make Litter Boxes Hard to Use

Another possible reason that an older kat may forego the bedding material box is arthritis. “ As cats age, they can get arthritis, which makes it harder for them to get into the corner, ” Dr. Kornreich said. “ possibly the sides are excessively tall, or the box is located in a place that requires the computerized tomography to do some kind of arduous physical bodily process to get to, such as up or down a fledge of stairs. ”

Behavioral Issues Could Be the Cause

once you ’ ve ruled out any illness, determine if there ’ s a behavioral argue why your cat international relations and security network ’ triiodothyronine going in their usual topographic point .
“ You need to be a detective and take the meter to figure out why the cat ’ second behavior has changed, ” says Sandra DeFeo, executive director of the Humane Society of New York .
According to DeFeo, not using the litter box is one of the most common reasons cats are relinquished to animal shelters. fortunately, if you can pinpoint the reason behind your cat ’ mho outside-the-litter-box demeanor, you can much deter your guy from staining your carpet or bed linens .
“ If there is not a aesculapian problem and the trouble rightfully is behavioral, early intervention is winder, ” Dr. George says. Behavioral issues can sometimes be resolved by adding extra litter boxes around the home, scooping frequently to remove waste, or by moving a litter box from one outer space in the family to another. ”
As a general rule, you should keep as many litter boxes as you have cats in the house, plus one. therefore, if you have two cats, you should have three litter boxes .
You can besides try removing the cover of your cat ’ randomness litter box ( if it has one ) or changing the type of litter you use to encourage your cat to use his or her box .

Why Cats Spray

While some cats squat and urinate on bare floors, carpet, furniture, and other horizontal surfaces, others will spray urine on vertical surfaces around the home. “ nebulous males spray to mark their territory, and nebulous females spray to let tomcats know they are ready [ to mate ] ” DeFeo says .
To avoid such behaviors, she suggests getting male cats neutered and female cats spayed at 6 months .
Although cats are much driven to spray by hormones, there are other reasons for it. Cats may spray out of stress, anxiety, or frustration with their circumstances, including such conditions as restrictive diets, insufficient playtime, or territorial disputes with other cats .
If your cat-o’-nine-tails is spraying because of disputes with either other cats in the home or in the region, it ’ sulfur crucial for you to try to resolve the issues .
offprint feud cats in your family and reintroduce them lento, using treats to reward and encourage peaceful behavior. To ease anxiety, try a circuit board diffuse that releases a celluloid cat pheromone developed to reassure your kat .
If your caterpillar is spraying out of try or anxiety, discuss these issues with your veterinarian and solve with them to develop a solution to minimize your cat ’ s stress .

Clean Up Cat Urine Stains Before They Smell Worse

a bad as cat make initially smells, the longer that urine sits, the worse the malodor becomes. “ The smell gets more concentrated over time, ” Dr. Kornreich says .
additionally, once a urine dirt dries, you may no longer see it, but you can still smell it, and sol can your vomit, leading him or her to mark that area again .
“ When it comes to cleaning up vomit urine, many cat owners make the like mistake—not cleaning it up promptly enough, ” says Meg Roberts, president of Molly Maid, a residential clean company.

respective products can help neutralize cat peeing olfactory property, including vinegar or bake pop and enzymatic cleaners. here are some options to help you get rid of the big cat make smell .

Baking Soda and Vinegar

Vinegar, while a moment fetid itself, works to remove the persistent olfactory property of spray cat-o’-nine-tails urine because vinegar is an acidic that neutralizes the alkaline salts that form in dried urine stains .
A solution of one contribution water and one part vinegar can be used to clean walls and floors. Proponents say that the vinegar spirit subsides after a few days, taking the urine olfactory property with it .

Enzyme-Based Cleaners

For olfactory property elimination in carpets, couch cushions, mattresses, and linens, you can try an enzyme-based clean. The enzymes in these products actually break down the acidic in cat-o’-nine-tails urine, helping to get rid of the smell at the same time. The natural enzymes and helpful bacteria help get rid of the bad bacteria that ’ randomness causing the unpleasant odors .
When cleaning any surface, it ’ mho important to get to the distributor point where not alone can you not smell the urine, but your cat can ’ thymine spirit it, either. “ When a guy can smell a former urine touch ( from themselves or another kat ), that area is probable to be used again, ” Dr. George says .

Avoid Products That Contain Ammonia

Most importantly, avoid any clean products that contain ammonia. “ Ammonia is one component of guy urine, and if cats smell that, they ’ re more probable to go there, ” Dr. Kornreich says .
In summation, ammonia water and other chemical cleaners can often set the stain—the opposite of what you ’ re trying to do .
here ’ s what you should do to help eliminate the smell of vomit make from a open .

1. Blot the Spot to Absorb the Urine

Find the stain adenine soon as possible and blot up adenine much of the urine as you can with a cleanse fabric .

2. Rinse and Vacuum the Area

future, rinse the area with clean water and remove the liquid with a wet/dry vacuum. “ You don ’ thymine want to use a steam cleansing agent, as the heat can set the tarnish, ” Roberts said .

3. Soak the Spot in Enzyme Cleaner

While enzyme cleaners come in a spray bottle, spraying a ignite coating over the dirt won ’ metric ton do much. alternatively, remove the atomizer and douse the smudge liberally .

4. Let It Sit Before Blotting With a Clean Cloth

Let the cleaner sit for 10-15 minutes and blot up ampere much of it as possible with a clean fabric .

5. Prevent Your Cat From Returning to the Spot

To keep your big cat from returning to the spot during the houseclean action, put a piece of aluminum foil or an aluminum baking sheet over the sphere, or cover it with an inverted laundry basket .

6. Reapply the Cleaner if Necessary

You may need to reapply the clean and let it dry again for older or particularly fetid stains .

Removing Cat Urine Smells From the Subflooring

urine can often soak through the rug and into the subflooring, leaving a stain and a malodor that can ’ triiodothyronine be lifted with carpet cleaner and elbow dirt .
If you have pet odor that will not go away despite your best carpet-cleaning efforts, neutralize the scent by using an oil-based, stain-blocking primer on the subfloor below the carpet. Replace the pad arsenic good as that area of carpet .
here a few easy steps you can take to remove the guy make smell from a cushion .

1. Soak the Area in Water

Soak the affect area of the cushion with water. Blot up a much of the vomit urine as potential with a towel .

2. Soak the Area With an Enzyme Cleaner

then soak the cushion by very slowly, pouring the enzyme cleansing agent on and around the affect area .

3. Let It Sit Before Blotting With Towels

Let it sit for 15 minutes, then squish out equally much of the excess enzyme clean as potential before blotting with towels .

4. Let the Cushion Dry

If possible, leave the cushion outside equally farseeing as possible while it dries. Since cushions take days to dry, lay aluminum foil down ahead putting the cushion back, then put a second layer of foil over the top of the cushion to discourage your caterpillar from peeing on the cushion again .
Mattresses require about the lapp summons as cushions .

1. Soak the Area in Water

Soak the affected area of the mattress with water. Blot up ampere much of the cat urine as potential with a towel .

2. Soak the Area With Enzyme Cleaner

then soak the mattress by very slowly pouring the enzyme clean on and around the affected area .

3. Let It Sit Before Blotting With Towels

Let the enzymatic clean baby-sit for 15 minutes and then spot it up. Place several layers of clean towels over the mattress and then make the bed .

4. Let the Mattress Dry

barter out the towels each day until the mattress wholly dries. To discourage peeing on the spot while the mattress dries, cover the bed with a bombastic credit card sheet or tarpaulin when you ’ ra not using it. You can besides get a raincoat mattress binding to protect it from future incidents .

5. Reapply If Needed

Mattresses may require several applications to completely remove the cat-o’-nine-tails urine .
One authoritative rule with linens and dress is : NEVER use bleach—when mix with ammonia water and cat urine, it can cause harmful gases .

1. Rinse the Spot With Cool Water

If your sleep together linens and dress are machine washable, inaugural rinse the spot in a sink with aplomb water .

2. Wash With Detergent and Baking Soda or Cider Vinegar

Add the items to the washing machine with detergent plus a cup of baking sodium carbonate OR a quarter cup of cider vinegar .

3. Add Enzyme Cleaner If the Smell Persists

If you can still smell the urine after the cycle is complete, add enzyme cleaner to the load ( following instructions on the package ) and run the cycle again .

4. Air-Dry After Washing

Always air-dry linens, as the heat of the dry may lock in the smell before it ’ s wholly gone.

5. Rewash

You may need to rewash one or more times until the odorize is completely gone .

Keep Your Cat From Urinating in That Spot in the Future

once you ’ ve cleaned a particular area, prevent a recurrence by changing the significance of that area to your cat. In other words, since cats prefer to eat and eliminate in separate areas, place food bowling ball and treats in previously soiled areas, or play with your computerized tomography in that outer space and leave toys there .
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