Swollen feet: 15 causes, treatments, and home remedies

A person might experience well up feet for a issue of reasons. Some causes, such as minor wound, are apparent and easy to treat. Others, however, may be signs of a dangerous underlie health condition that needs immediate medical attention. hera, we take a look at some of the reasons why a person ’ s feet may appear conceited, when they should talk to a sophisticate, and what the treatment might involve.

1. Edema

swollen foot contribution on PinterestEdema refers to swelling that results from trapped fluid. Edema is the checkup term for swelling that occurs when fluid becomes trapped in the body ’ sulfur tissues. It normally affects the legs and feet but can besides occur in other parts of the body, such as the confront or abdomen. other signs of edema include :

  • shiny, stretched skin over the affected area
  • skin that stays dimpled after pressing it
  • discomfort and reduced mobility
  • coughing or difficulty breathing, if it affects the lungs


edema may go away by itself, or there may be an underlie campaign that needs medical treatment. home remedies include wearing digest stockings, reducing salt intake, and lying down while raising the legs above the chest. If the bulge does not improve, a person should talk to their repair to check for any underlie causes.

trauma to the foot or ankle can cause swelling in this area of the body. For exercise, a twist ankle, which occurs when the ligaments become pull, could cause the foot to swell .


To treat a foot or ankle injury, a person should elevate the foot when possible and try not to bear burden on the affect peg. Using an frosting clique or compaction bandage can help reduce swelling, and over-the-counter annoyance relievers can help ease discomfort. If the well up and annoyance do not go away, a person might need to see their doctor to rule out more severe damage.

3. Pregnancy

A common symptom of late pregnancy is for the feet and ankles to swell. This swell is ascribable to fluid retention and increased blackmail on the veins .

Home remedies

To treat swell feet during pregnancy, women can elevate their feet where possible, tire comfortable and supportive footwear, and avoid standing for extended periods. Staying cool, avoiding salt, and increasing water inhalation can help reduce fluid memory. Wearing supportive invest, such as tights or compression stockings, should besides reduce discomfort and help the swelling decrease .

4. Preeclampsia

If swelling during pregnancy comes on abruptly and is dangerous, it could be a sign of preeclampsia. This is a condition that can occur during pregnancy or immediately after the birth. Symptoms include protein in the urine, rapid excessive fluid memory, and high gear blood press. This is a austere condition that normally occurs in the latter half of pregnancy and can progress to eclampsia, which is even more dangerous and constitutes a checkup emergency. Signs of preeclampsia admit :

  • severe swelling
  • headaches
  • dizziness
  • nausea and vomiting
  • vision changes
  • less frequent urination


If a meaning woman experiences any of these symptoms, she should speak with her sophisticate or midwife uncoiled away .

5. Lifestyle factors

Some life style factors can besides lead to swell feet. These factors include :

  • having a sedentary lifestyle
  • being overweight
  • wearing ill-fitting shoes

Home remedies

Exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy burden can reduce the risk of well feet. other ways to alleviate swell feet include :

  • drinking plenty of water
  • wearing compression socks or stockings
  • soaking the feet in cool water
  • raising the feet above the heart regularly
  • staying active
  • losing weight if overweight
  • eating a healthful diet and being mindful of salt intake
  • massaging the feet
  • eating more potassium-rich foods, as these can help reduce water retention

6. A side effect of medication

share on PinterestSteroids can cause swelling in the feet. Taking certain medications can result in the feet swelling, specially if they cause water retention. Medications that may cause the feet to swell include :

  • hormones, such as estrogen and testosterone
  • calcium-channel blockers that help control blood pressure
  • steroids, both androgenic and anabolic, and corticosteroids
  • antidepressants
  • nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • medication to help manage diabetes

Anyone who thinks that their medication is causing their feet to swell should speak with a doctor of the church, who may be able to alter the dose or prescribe a different type of medication .

7. Alcohol

Alcohol can cause the consistency to retain excess water, causing the feet to swell. If the swelling continues for more than 2 days, a person should make an date with their doctor. perennial swell of the feet after drinking alcohol may be a sign of the zodiac of an underlie publish with the heart, liver, or kidneys .

Home remedies

Elevating the feet above the heart, drinking enough of water, and reducing salt intake may all help minimize swelling. Soaking the feet in cold water can besides relieve symptoms.

8. Hot weather

During hot weather, the feet can swell because their veins expand to cool the body. This process can cause fluid to leak into the surrounding weave. fluid can besides collect in the ankles and feet.

Home remedies

Drinking plenty of water and wearing well-fitting, comfortable shoes that allow some ventilation can help prevent the feet from swelling in affectionate weather .

9. Infection

An infection can cause swelling in the feet and ankles. People with diabetes have an increased gamble of infection affecting their feet, so they should remain argus-eyed for any changes to this character of the body, such as blisters and sores appearing .


A sophisticate will typically prescribe antibiotics to treat infections.

10. Venous insufficiency

venous insufficiency occurs when a person ’ s rake can not flow around the body properly. This is due to damaged valves causing blood to leak down the vessels and fluid retention in the lower legs, particularly around the feet and ankles. Signs of venous insufficiency include :

  • achy legs
  • skin changes, such as flaking
  • new varicose veins appearing
  • skin ulcers
  • infection


A person experiencing any signs of venous insufficiency should make an appointment with their doctor ampere soon as possible. To treat venous insufficiency, a doctor may recommend making some life style changes, such as taking up exercise to help keep the lineage pumping around the body efficiently. Compression stockings and medication to prevent lineage clots can besides help. In some cases, a sophisticate may suggest surgery to try to repair the damaged valves .

11. Blood clot

Blood clots occur when the blood fails to flow around the soundbox correctly, causing platelets to stick together. If blood clots develop in the leg veins, they may prevent the blood from moving back to the heart. This can cause the ankles and feet to swell. bass vein thrombosis ( DVT ) occurs when lineage clots form bass in the leg. DVT is a dangerous condition that can cause a blockage in the major leg veins. In some cases, the clots may break free and move to the heart or lungs. Signs of DVT include :

  • swelling in one leg
  • pain or discomfort in the leg
  • low-grade fever
  • color changes in the leg


If a person notices any signs of DVT, they should seek pressing medical attention. A repair may prescribe blood-thinning medicine to treat blood clots. People can help prevent blood clots by wearing tights, compaction stockings, or dress that is baggy around the ankles. other prevention methods include keeping active and reducing strategic arms limitation talks consumption. It is besides best to avoid stand or sitting hush, specially with crossed legs, for extended periods.

12. Lymphedema

share on PinterestTreatments for lymphedema focus on draining excess fluid. The lymphatic system helps the torso get rid of undesirable substances, such as bacteria and toxins. Lymphedema occurs when lymphatic fluid gathers in the tissues as a leave of problems with the lymph vessels. If the lymph vessels are damaged or lacking, lymphatic fluent can build up and lead to infection, slow wound heal, and even deformity. People who undergo radiation therapy or lymph node removal have a higher risk of lymphedema. Anyone who has undergo cancer discussion and experiences swelling should contact their doctor immediately. a well as swell of the feet, signs of lymphedema admit :

  • recurrent infections
  • impaired motion
  • aching
  • a feeling of tightness or heaviness
  • thickening of the skin


treatment options for lymphedema include exercises and target massage, which can both help drain the surfeit fluid. Wearing bandages or compaction garments may besides be beneficial .

13. Heart disease

Swelling of the feet could be a sign of heart disease or heart failure. If the kernel is damaged, it can not pump rake to the heart efficiently. Right-sided heart failure can cause the body to retain salt and water, resulting in swell feet. adenine well as swell of the legs, ankles, and feet, symptoms of heart failure include :

  • shortness of breath, particularly when exercising or lying down
  • rapid heartbeat
  • weakness
  • fatigue
  • coughing or wheezing
  • white or pink, blood-tinged phlegm
  • abdominal swelling
  • rapid weight gain from fluid retention
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea or vomiting
  • difficulty concentrating or confusion


If a person experiences any of the above symptoms, they should seek immediate medical attention. treatment options for heart bankruptcy include medications, medical devices to help support the affection, and operating room.

14. Kidney disease

People with ailing functioning kidneys may not be able to flush out fluid, which can build up in the body. Kidney disease may not present any symptoms until it is severe and the kidneys are beginning to fail. Signs and symptoms of kidney failure include :

  • less frequent urination
  • shortness of breath
  • drowsiness or fatigue
  • pain or pressure in the chest
  • seizures
  • nausea
  • confusion
  • coma


treatment options for kidney disease include medication, a low-protein diet, and supplements of vitamin D and calcium. The treatment options for kidney failure include dialysis or a kidney transplant .

15. Liver disease

Liver disease can inhibit the production of albumin. Albumin is a protein that helps stop the blood leaking from lineage vessels. A miss of albumin means that the lineage may leak, causing fluid to pool in the legs and feet, which can result in swelling. Symptoms of liver disease include :

  • jaundice, in which the skin and eyes turn yellow
  • dark urine
  • bruising easily
  • loss of appetite
  • skin itching
  • lack of energy
  • nausea or vomiting
  • tender, swollen abdomen
  • pale, bloody, or tar-colored stools


To treat liver-colored disease, a doctor may prescribe medication. They may besides suggest making life style changes, such as losing weight unit or reducing alcohol intake. In more severe cases of liver disease, operating room may be necessity.

When to see a doctor

many cases of swell feet tend to resolve without medical care, although home remedies and life style changes can help reduce the swell.

If the intumescence does not go away or it occurs repeatedly, it is essential to make an date with a doctor to determine whether there is an fundamental campaign. If swollen feet occur alongside shortness of breath, breast annoyance, or press in the chest, call the hand brake services immediately. Read this article in spanish .

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