Edema – Diagnosis and treatment – Mayo Clinic


To understand what might be causing your edema, your doctor of the church will first perform a physical examination and ask you questions about your medical history. This information is much adequate to determine the fundamental causal agent of your edema. In some cases, X-rays, ultrasound exams, magnetic resonance imagination, blood tests or urine analysis may be necessary .


Mild edema normally goes away on its own, particularly if you help things along by raising the affect limb higher than your heart .
More-severe edema may be treated with drugs that help your body rout excess fluid in the form of urine ( diuretics ). One of the most common diuretics is furosemide ( Lasix ). however, your doctor of the church will determine whether these types of medications are a thoroughly choice for you based on your personal checkup history.

long-run management typically focuses on treating the fundamental cause of the swelling. If edema occurs as a resultant role of medication use, your doctor may adjust your prescription or check for an alternate medication that does n’t cause edema .

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Clinical trials

research Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a intend to prevent, detect, regale or cope this condition .

Lifestyle and home remedies

Compression stockings

Compression stockings

Compression stockings

Compression stockings, besides called support stockings, compress your legs, promoting circulation. A stocking butler may help you put on the stockings .
The adopt may help decrease edema and keep it from coming back. Before trying these self-care techniques, speak to your doctor about which ones are right for you .

  • Movement. Moving and using the muscles in the part of your body affected by edema, especially your legs, may help pump the excess fluid back toward your heart. Ask your doctor about exercises you can do that may reduce swelling.
  • Elevation. Hold the swollen part of your body above the level of your heart several times a day. In some cases, elevating the affected body part while you sleep may be helpful.
  • Massage. Stroking the affected area toward your heart using firm, but not painful, pressure may help move the excess fluid out of that area.
  • Compression. If one of your limbs is affected by edema, your doctor may recommend you wear compression stockings, sleeves or gloves, usually worn after your swelling has gone down, to prevent further swelling from occurring. These garments keep pressure on your limbs to prevent fluid from collecting in the tissue.
  • Protection. Keep the affected area clean, moisturized and free from injury. Dry, cracked skin is more prone to scrapes, cuts and infection. Always wear protection on your feet if that’s where the swelling typically occurs.
  • Reduce salt intake. Follow your doctor’s suggestions about limiting how much salt you consume. Salt can increase fluid retention and worsen edema.

Preparing for your appointment

Unless you ‘re already under a specialist ‘s manage for a current medical condition, you ‘ll probably start by seeing your class doctor to begin evaluation for what could be causing your symptoms .
here ‘s some information to help you prepare for your date, and what to expect from your repair.

What you can do

  • Be aware of any pre-appointment restrictions. At the time you make the appointment, be sure to ask if there’s anything you need to do in advance to prepare for common diagnostic tests.
  • Write down any symptoms you’re experiencing, including any that may seem unrelated to the reason for which you scheduled the appointment.
  • Make a list of your key medical information, including any other conditions for which you’re being treated, and the names of any medications, vitamins or supplements you’re taking.
  • Consider questions to ask your doctor and write them down. Bring along notepaper and a pen to jot down information as your doctor addresses your questions.

For edema, some basic questions to ask your doctor include :

  • What are the possible causes of my symptoms?
  • What kinds of tests do I need? Do these tests require any special preparation?
  • Is my condition temporary?
  • Will I need treatment?
  • What treatments are available?
  • I have other medical problems; will this treatment interfere with them?
  • Do you have any brochures or other printed material that I can take home with me? What websites do you recommend visiting?

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor is probable to ask you a number of questions. Being fix to answer them may reserve time for you and your doctor to review authoritative points .
Questions your repair might ask include :

  • What symptoms are you experiencing?
  • How long have you been experiencing these symptoms?
  • Do your symptoms seem to come and go, or are they always there?
  • Have you had edema before?
  • Does anything seem to make your symptoms better?
  • Is there less swelling after a night’s rest in bed?
  • Does anything seem to make your symptoms worse?
  • What kinds of foods do you regularly eat?
  • Do you restrict your intake of salt and salty foods?
  • Do you drink alcohol?
  • Do you seem to be urinating normally?
  • Do you notice swelling all over your body, or does it seem to be in just one area, such as an arm or leg?
  • Does swelling diminish if you raise the swollen limb above heart level for an hour or so?

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