How to Prevent Acid Reflux and Heartburn

Acid ebb happens when your stomach acid backs up into your esophagus. Your esophagus is the muscular metro that connects your throat and stomach. The most common symptom of acid ebb is a burning sense in your chest of drawers, known as heartburn. other symptoms may include a sour or regurgitated food taste in the back of your mouth. Acid reflux is besides known as gastroesophageal ebb ( GER ). If you experience it more than twice a workweek, you may have gastroesophageal reflux disease ( GERD ). In addition to frequent heartburn, symptoms of GERD include difficulty swallow, coughing or asthmatic, and chest pain.

Most people experience acid ebb and heartburn from fourth dimension to time. GERD is a more serious discipline that affects about 20 percentage of Americans. Research in the diary Digestive Diseases and Sciences suggests that rates of GERD are rising. Learn about steps you can take to prevent acerb ebb and heartburn. life style changes, medication, or surgery may help you find relief.

Risk Factors for Acid Reflux and Heartburn

Anyone can experience occasional acid reflux and heartburn. For example, you may experience these symptoms after eating besides cursorily. You may notice them after consuming lots of hot food or high-fat treats. You ’ re more likely to develop GERD if you :

  • are overweight or obese
  • are pregnant
  • have diabetes
  • smoke

Eating disorders, such as anorexia and bulimia nervosa, may besides contribute to some cases of GERD. “ People who induce vomiting, or have in the past, can have an increased gamble of heartburn, ” says Jacqueline L. Wolf, M.D., an associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School.

Lifestyle Changes

Occasional or balmy cases of acid reflux can normally be prevented by adopting a few life style changes. For model :

  • Avoid lying down for three hours after a meal.
  • Eat smaller meals more frequently throughout the day.
  • Wear loose-fitting clothing to avoid pressure on your abdomen.
  • Lose excess weight.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Raise the head of your bed six to eight inches by placing wooden blocks under your bedposts. Bed risers are another option for doing this.

several types of food can cause acid reflux and heartburn. Pay close attention to how you feel after eating unlike foods. Your triggers may include :

  • fatty or fried foods
  • alcohol
  • coffee
  • carbonated beverages, such as soda
  • chocolate
  • garlic
  • onions
  • citrus fruits
  • peppermint
  • spearmint
  • tomato sauce

If you experience acid ebb or heartburn after eating certain foods, take steps to avoid them.

Medication

many people can resolve their symptoms through life style changes. other people may require medications to prevent or treat acid reflux and heartburn. Your doctor may recommend nonprescription or prescription medications, such as :

  • antacids, such as calcium carbonate (Tums)
  • H2-receptor blockers, such as famotidine (Pepcid AC) or cimetidine (Tagamet HB)
  • mucosal protectants, such as sucralfate (Carafate)
  • proton pump inhibitors, such as rabeprazole (Aciphex), dexlansoprazole (Dexilant), and esomeprazole (Nexium)

A Note About Proton Pump Inhibitors

Proton pump inhibitors are the most effective treatments for chronic acid reflux. They ’ re generally considered identical safe. They reduce your consistency ’ south production of gastric acids. Unlike some other medications, you alone need to take them once a day to prevent symptoms. There are besides downsides to using proton pump inhibitors on a long-run footing. Over fourth dimension, they can deplete vitamin B-12 in your soundbox. Since stomach acid is one of your soundbox ’ sulfur defenses against contagion, proton pump inhibitors can besides raise your risk of infection and bone fractures. In particular, they can raise your gamble of hip, spine, and wrist fractures. They can besides be expensive, much costing more than $ 100 each calendar month .

Surgery

surgery is only necessary in rare cases of acid ebb and heartburn. The most common surgery used to treat acidic ebb is a routine known as Nissen fundoplication. In this procedure, a surgeon lifts a helping of your stomach and tightens it around the junction where your abdomen and esophagus meet. This helps increase pressure in your lower esophageal sphincter ( LES ). This procedure is performed with a laparoscope. You will need to stay in the hospital for one to three days after it ’ sulfur performed. Complications are rare and the results are highly effective. however, surgery may lead to increased bloat and flatulence or trouble accept.

The Takeaway

If you experience even acidic reflux or heartburn, speak to your doctor. They may recommend life style changes to help prevent your symptoms. For model, they may advise you to eat smaller meals, remain good after eating, or cut certain foods from your diet. They may besides encourage you to lose weight or leave office fume. If life style changes don ’ metric ton relieve your symptoms, your doctor may recommend nonprescription or prescription medications. In rare cases, you may need operating room. Complications from the surgery are rare .

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Category : How To

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