Photoshop basics for beginners

Welcome to the Get Started with Photoshop tutorials that teach you the basic tools and techniques of Adobe Photoshop. This tutorial introduces you to the Photoshop work area and shows you how to open and save your images, zoom in and out, and undo mistakes .
capable images

open images, and create raw images .

The first gear thing you ‘ll do in Photoshop, is either open a file or create a newly charge. so, let ‘s go over how to do both. When you launch the latest version of Photoshop, you may see a begin filmdom that looks something like this. If you wanted to open an existing double, you could go to the Open … clitoris on the depart screen and cluck, or if you wanted to create a new image from incision, you could use the New … push button on the depart screen. But there ‘s another way, to get to these same commands from anywhere in Photoshop. therefore even if your start screen is n’t showing, you can constantly go up to the File menu at the peak of Photoshop, and choose New … or Open … from there. Let ‘s go ahead and choose Open … from the File menu, to open some existing image files into Photoshop. That will launch your Mac Finder or your Windows File Explorer, where you ‘ll navigate through your file system to an trope file and select it. You could select one of the practice files that come with this tutorial, as I ‘m doing, or you can select an visualize of your own. If you want to open more than one visualize at a time, hold the Command keystone on a Mac, or the Ctrl key on Windows, and select another picture charge. then click the Open button. Both selected images open into Photoshop editing workspace, which is called the document window. At the lead of the document window, there is a tab for each Open_Image. And the tab key tells you the name of the effigy. If you want to see another Open_Image, barely click its tab key. So that ‘s how to open existing images. Let ‘s leave those capable and talk about how to create a fresh double from scratch. You might do that when you want a space analyze on which to draw, or on which you want to place some images. so, this time, from the File menu, let ‘s choose New … That opens this New Document window. Photoshop comes with a distribute of Blank Document Presets that you can start with. To find one that works for you, first select a class of documents from the clear of the window. Photo, Print, Art & Illustration, or one of these others. I ‘m going to select Photo. Next, choose one of the preset sizes in this incision called Blank Document Presets. If you do n’t see one you like, there ‘s an option here to view more presets : View All Presets. I ‘m going to select this preset, the Landscape, 4 ten 6. Over on the justly, all the details have now been set up for me, including the width and the height. If you decide that ‘s not precisely the size you want, you can type a different size into the Width or Height fields. Any of the other settings on the correctly could be customized excessively. But sticking with the presets, takes the worry out of having to figure out technical details at the begin. And these settings could be changed late in Photoshop if you need to. indeed, to finish creating a new text file, click the Create button, and your new space document opens in Photoshop, ready for you to add a photograph, text, or possibly a determine. All as you ‘ll learn to do, as you continue through this tutorial series .

What you learned: To open and create images

  • In the menu bar, choose File > Open to open existing images.
  • In the menu bar, choose File > New to create a new image from scratch. Select a document preset. You can customize the preset by typing in your own values, like width and height.

Get familiar with the cultivate sphere

Tour the work area .

Let ‘s take a search at how Photoshop is laid out to help you get comfortable with your workspace. To follow along with this tutorial, you can open any prototype. The first interface element to get familiar with, is the Document window, which is right here, in the center of the shield. This is where you ‘ll work on your images. Over to the right of the Document window are the panels, that have a variety of image edit controls. There are more panels than good those you see in this gore column. Some of the panels are hidden behind others. For exemplar, here we have a jury group of the Color panel and the Swatches panel. If I want to see the Swatches empanel, I can good click its tab key, and that brings it forward so I can use it. I ‘ll go ahead and select a blue swatch hera in the Swatches jury, and that color will be applied when I use other color features, like the Brush joyride. There are some panels that are n’t open on the confront of Photoshop. To open one of those panels, go up to the Window menu, and choose from this list of alphabetic panels, a panel that does n’t have a checkmark. For exemplar, I ‘ll choose the Histogram panel. That opens the Histogram panel. And after I ‘m done using it to evaluate the tones in a photograph for case, I can close it by clicking the bivalent pointed arrow here. Another important interface chemical element is the Tools panel, which is located to the exit of the Document windowpane. It ‘s this farseeing vertical browning automatic rifle here. If you ‘re not sure what a joyride is, you can just hover over its picture. And in a consequence, you ‘ll see the mention of the joyride in a tooltip. To select a tool, precisely click it. There are more tools than you see on the face of the Tools panel. You can click and hold any joyride, like the Horizontal Type Tool here, that has a little triangle at its bottom right corner. And you ‘ll see a flyout menu of refer tools. sol, if I want to add text not in a horizontal orientation, but preferably in a vertical predilection, I can fair slide down to the Vertical Type Tool in this flyout menu, and select it from there. Each tool has a count of controls called options. And those are found in the adjacent major interface element, the horizontal Options bar, up hera at the clear of the filmdom. The significant matter about the Options barricade, is that it changes, depending on what tool is selected. so, because I have the Vertical Type Tool selected, I see options for text, like this Font Size menu here. But keep your eye on the Options bar as I select another joyride. I ‘ll click on the Brush tool for exercise. And now the options have changed, to offer Brush Opacity and Brush Flow and more. Let ‘s go ahead and apply an option. One of the things you frequently want to do when you have a Brush tool selected, is to change the size of the brush tip off. And you can do that using the Brush Picker choice, which is the first option over here on the left of this Options browning automatic rifle. I ‘ll click that choice to open the Brush Picker, and then I can move the Size slider in the Brush Picker over to the right to increase the size of the brush point or to the left to decrease it. And then I ‘ll click in a blank area to close the Brush Picker. I ‘ll move into the persona and I ‘ll apply some paint. And by the way, the Brush cock is painting with bluing, because you ‘ll remember that ‘s the color I chose in the Swatches panel, earlier in this video. By the way, if I change my mind about that paint stroke or whatever I good did in Photoshop, I can undo it by pressing the common keyboard shortcut for untie, which is Command + Z on a Mac, or Ctrl + Z on a personal computer. The last major interface component is the Menu legal profession, at the very crown of the riddle. And here you have multiple menus with lots of controls. For example, if I want to close this image, I can select Close from the File menu, and you can go ahead and close the image without saving, since we have n’t made any permanent changes. So that was a quick look at the major features of the Photoshop interface, that you ‘ll use over and over, as you work in Photoshop. The Document window, the panels, the tools, the cock options and the Menu browning automatic rifle .

What you learned: The interface

  • Menu bar (at the very top) shows the File, Edit, Image, and other menus that give you access to a variety of commands, adjustments, and panels.
  • Options bar (underneath the menu bar) displays options for the tool you are currently working with.
  • Tools panel (on the left) contains tools for editing images and creating artwork. Similar tools are grouped together. You can access related tools in a group by clicking and holding a tool in the panel.
  • Panels (on the right) include Color, Layers, Properties, and other panels that contain a variety of controls for working with images. You can find the full list of panels under the Window menu.
  • Document window (in the middle) displays the file you’re currently working on. Multiple open documents show up in tabs in the Document window.
  • Close image: Choose File > Close.

Learn how to zoom and pan

Change your position of an trope .

Zooming and panning are ways to navigate around an effigy that you ‘ll use much as you work on images in Photoshop. To practice working with the zoom and pan controls, open this image from the tutorial practice files, or open a big picture of your own. Zooming means changing the magnification of the double, as you might do if you were looking at the flip through a telescope. You may want to zoom in for a closer opinion of depart of an trope, or you may want to zoom out to see more of an image on your screen. The most straightforward way to rapid climb is to select the Zoom cock, toward the bottom of the Tools panel here. then go up to the Options bar for the Zoom tool, where you ‘ll find a plus icon for zooming in, and a minus icon for zooming out. Let ‘s start with the plus icon activated which is the nonpayment. then to soar in, move into the image and click. And each fourth dimension you click, you ‘ll zoom in a little farther. To zoom spinal column out to see more of the double again, go back to the Options bar, and this prison term select the minus icon, and then click several times in the prototype to zoom back out. If you want to zoom in again, you have to go back to the Options bar, click the summation icon, and click in the persona to zoom in again. now you may get tired of going up to the Options banish every clock time you want to switch between zooming in and zooming out. indeed, here ‘s a shortcut that will help you. When the soar in choice is active voice, as it is now, you can switch to zooming out by holding the Option key on your keyboard if you ‘re on a Mac, or the ALT key on Windows. Hold down that key and then click in the image. And that will automatically switch you back to zooming out. then release your finger from the Option or ALT key, and you ‘re switched back to zooming in. And sol, you can click in the trope to zoom in again. The Zoom tool has a couple of options in its Options bar, that you can use to move cursorily to soar levels that you use frequently. The Fit Screen option, hera in the Options bar, comes in handy when you ‘re zoomed in like this and you want to get back to a scene of the entire effigy. Just click the Fit Screen choice, and the integral image fits itself into your document window. Another useful option is this 100 % option. Clicking this, zooms you into 100 % opinion of the image, which is the best way to view an persona when you ‘re checking it for distinctness. now, I ‘m working on a little screen and this double is pretty large, so when I zoom in to 100 %, I ca n’t see the whole image on my shield. Although you may not experience the same thing if you ‘re working on a large monitor. indeed, if I want to see a different part of this image at this soar level, I ‘m going to need to move the visualize around in my document window. That ‘s called pan. And it ‘s done with another tool, the Hand joyride. thus, I ‘m going to go back to the Tools control panel, and I ‘m going to select the Hand tool there, which is precisely above the Zoom cock. then I ‘ll move into the persona, and notification that my cursor is nowadays changed to a hand picture. I ‘ll click, drag, and move the persona in the text file window, to a place that I want to see, and then I ‘ll release my mouse. When I ‘m done checking the asperity here and I want to go back to view the entire image on screen, I ‘ll go up to the Options bar for the Hand tool, and there I ‘ll see the same Fit Screen option that we had for the Zoom tool. so, I can precisely click Fit Screen in the Hand instrument Options cake, and that takes me back to see the entire image in my document window. Let me show you another way to zoom. rather of clicking, you can do continuous soar by holding your mouse down on the effigy. I ‘ll go back and get the Zoom instrument in the Tools dialog box. And then I ‘m going to click and hold in the image. And the effigy zooms in continuously. If you zoom in actually far like this, you can see the pixels, that are the build blocks of an image in Photoshop. By the way, the size of these pixels can affect the image quality of a print, which is why image resolution is an crucial topic, particularly for printing. Something we ‘ll talk more about when we cover resizing an picture late in this series. I ‘m going to go up to the Options bar and suction stop Fit Screen, so I can see the integral visualize on my screen again. One more thing, let ‘s say that you ‘re working with another tool, possibly the Brush tool, and you ‘re painting in a modest area and you do n’t want to switch out of the Brush cock over to the Zoom joyride fair to rapid climb. well, there ‘s a shortcut that you can use rather of the Zoom creature. And that is to hold the Command samara on a Mac, or the Ctrl key on a personal computer, as you press the asset key on your keyboard. And every time you do that, that will zoom you in. If you want to zoom back out, hold the Command winder on a Mac or the Ctrl samara on a personal computer, and press the subtraction identify on your keyboard. And that will zoom you back out. so, that ‘s an introduction to soar and pan, that I hope will help you to navigate your images as you ‘re working on them in Photoshop. To finish up with this lesson, you can close this trope without saving .

What you learned: To zoom in and out and pan around

  • The Zoom tool is located in the Tools panel. Change from Zoom In to Zoom Out in the options bar.
  • The Hand tool, also located in the Tools panel, allows you to pan around a large or zoomed-in image.

Undo a instruction

Undo one or multiple steps, and use the History panel .

Photoshop gives you lots of flexibility to change the edits that you make. In this video, we ‘ll explore how to undo, redo, and step back in time as you ‘re editing. You can follow along with this file from the practice files for this tutorial, or an image of your own. Let ‘s begin by making some paint strokes on this image. Select the Brush tool in the Tools empanel, then go over to the Swatches gore, and snap on a color there. You can use any discolor that you like. Move into the prototype and make a brush stroke. By the way, if your brush tip is n’t large adequate, go up to the Options measure for the Brush joyride, chink on the Brush Picker and set the Size there. I ‘ll click off of that picker to close it. Let ‘s make a couple more strokes. Go to the Swatches panel again, select another color and stroke. And let ‘s do that one more prison term. then, let ‘s say that you want to get rid of the stopping point action that you did in Photoshop, in this case making that pink accident. The promptly way to do that is to use a keyboard shortcut, Command + Z on a Mac or Ctrl + Z on Windows. Which I ‘ll do now. And the pinko stroke goes aside. I can bring it bet on, by pressing Command + Z again, or Ctrl + Z again. then, that keyboard shortcut is a toggle switch for undoing and redoing the last carry through that you took. If you prefer to use a menu command quite than the shortcut, you can go up to the Edit menu, and there you can choose Undo Brush Tool, and Photoshop even tells you what carry through you ‘re going to undo. And then Edit, and Redo Brush Tool. now what if you want to undo more than just one step ? In that case, go up to the Edit menu, and this time choose Step Backward. And you can do that up to 50 times by default. And each time you ‘re stepping back one action, one step in time. similarly, you can step forward one step at a time. Edit, Step Forward. Edit, Step Forward. Edit, Step Forward. There ‘s one more way that you can step through time in Photoshop. And that ‘s using the History gore. The History panel is located here, in this collapse column of panels. If you do n’t see it, go up to the Window menu and choose History. I ‘m going to expand this panel by moving down to its bottom bar, until I see a double point arrow and then dragging down. so, what we see in this panel, is a separate bar for each action that I just took on this image. Open and then three strokes with the Brush Tool. Keep your eye on the panel as I make another accident. My one-fourth throw was just recorded in the History panel besides. now let ‘s use another tool to see how it ‘s recorded. Go to the Tools panel, and this time select the Dodge cock, which is used to make things lighter. The Dodge joyride besides has a brush tap, precisely like the brush instrument. To make the Dodge cock tip bigger, go up to the Options bar for this instrument, and there you have a Size slider that you can drag. And then click in a blank sphere to close the Brush Picker. now come into the persona, and let ‘s drag over the leaf a pair times. Each time I release my shiner and then drag again, another Dodge creature submit is recorded here in the History panel. The beauty of having these states in the History jury, is that you can step back through them, one by one, like this. Or you can jump to a particular state, like this. And each prison term you do that, everything in the visualize changes to the way it looked at that state, at that point in time. You besides can step forward or jump ahead in time, in the History panel, like this. Two things to keep in beware about the History jury : if you do go back to a previous state of matter, – let ‘s go back here – and then you do something else, let ‘s say I dodge in this area of the image. Keep your eye on the History jury, and you ‘ll see that everything after the state I had gone rear to disappears. It ‘s as if you went back to a pitchfork in the road, and took a different way. Everything on the first gear road beyond the fork disappears. And the second matter to keep in mind is that when you close the image, whether or not you save it, your history disappears. And the next time you open the image, the History jury will be cleared out, and we ‘ll start again with a fresh history. now if the History panel is n’t your cup of tea, you can rely on the bare commands, in the Edit menu rather. Undo for individual undo ‘s, and Step Backward for multiple undo ‘s. Either way, you have lots of flexibility to correct any mistakes or try new approaches as you edit an visualize .

What you learned: To undo

  • To undo the last thing you did, choose Edit > Undo or press Control+Z (Windows) or Command+Z (macOS).
  • To redo the last thing you did, choose Edit > Redo or again press Control+Z (Windows) or Command+Z (macOS).
  • To undo multiple steps, choose Edit > Step Backward multiple times, or select a step in the History panel.

Save your solve

Use the Save commands .

Saving is a critical step in Photoshop. thus, let ‘s see how to do it safely. To start, open this picture from the tutorial drill files. now let ‘s make a change to this file. Let ‘s move this small inset photograph to somewhere else in the image. To do that, go to the Tools panel and cluck on the first instrument, the Move tool. And then move into the image, click right on the small bouquet photograph and drag it somewhere else in the visualize. I ‘ll barely put it hera. You can put it anywhere you like. By the manner, if that did n’t work for you, it ‘s credibly because you ‘re not on the right level. We ‘ll learn a fortune more about selecting a layer belated in the tutorial series. But for now, you can avoid that problem by fair going over to the Layers panel and making indisputable that you have the small bouquet level highlighted. And then try dragging that bouquet again. now that we ‘ve made a exchange to the double, let ‘s see what happens if we use the Save command to save the visualize with that change. I ‘ll go up to the File menu, and I ‘ll choose Save. And what happened is that Photoshop went right ahead and saved over and replaced the stopping point version of this persona. In this casing, the original charge that we started with. And that ‘s something you do n’t often want to do. so, let me show you a safer way to save, that does n’t save over the last version. Let ‘s make another change, again with your Move tool selected, click on that small bouquet photograph and move it somewhere else in the persona. I ‘ll put mine down here, but you can put yours anywhere. Go up to the File menu, and this time do n’t choose Save, rather choose Save As … That opens this Save As dialogue, where you can avoid saving over the last translation of your file by doing something different, like changing the file appoint, or choosing a different location to which to save the file. By the way, if you ‘re on Windows, this dialogue box may look slightly different. It does offer the same options that we ‘ll talk about, but they ‘re barely arranged slightly differently. then, what I ‘m going to do, to avoid saving over the last interpretation of this double, is to give this translation a new appoint. I ‘ll go to the Save As field here, that ‘s the charge name plain if you ‘re on Windows. And I ‘ll click fair to the correct of the diagnose before the “ .psd ” extension, and I ‘m going to type “ -v2 ”, for version 2. now, if I were to come down and click Save, although I ‘m not going to do that merely yet, I ‘d end up with 2 files : the stopping point save translation of the charge, and this changed interpretation. So that ‘s a bare manner to protect your last saved version, which is sometimes your original of an trope. Before we do suction stop Save, let ‘s take a expression at another important thing in this Save As dialogue. That ‘s the Format menu here on a Mac, it ‘s called the Save As type menu on Windows. It ‘s a good estimate to save your files in the native Photoshop format, which gives them a “ .psd ” extension while you ‘re working on them. To do that, choose Photoshop from this drop-down menu, and if you have layers in your file, as we do, make sure that the Layers box is checked. The big advantage of saving as a PSD is that it will preserve any layers or other editable Photoshop features, that you may have added to the effigy. So that you can come back and work with those again late. But you ca n’t see a “ .psd ” file on the web. And if you ‘re sharing it with person who does n’t have Photoshop, they might not be able to open a “ .psd ” file, a Photoshop charge. so, if you want to share an image that you ‘ve worked on in Photoshop, I suggest you save another imitate of it in summation to the “ .psd ”, and save that copy in the JPEG format. The JPEG file could be posted on-line, it will be smaller to send by electronic mail and it will keep any photograph in an effigy, looking good. so, let ‘s go ahead and do that. I ‘m going to go to my Format menu, and I ‘ll choose JPEG, and then I ‘ll go devour to the bottom right and cluck Save. That triggers this small window of JPEG options. I suggest you merely leave these at their defaults and pawl OK. ultimately, here are a copulate bonus tips about saving. first : spare often. Do n’t wait until you ‘re done to save the file you ‘re working on. second : save early. This is particularly important if you ‘ve created a new file from scrape with the new command. Because until you do save, that file has n’t been permanently saved to your system, and could be lost if your computer crashes .

What you learned: To save an image

  • Choose File > Save or File > Save As.
  • Saving in Photoshop format (.psd) will retain layers, type, and other editable Photoshop properties. It’s best to save your image in PSD format while you’re still working on it.
  • Saving in JPEG (.jpg) or PNG (.png) format will save as a standard image file that can be shared, opened by other programs, and posted online. When you’re finished editing, save a copy in one of these formats too.

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