15 Ways to Draw the Illusion of Depth – Ran Art Blog

15 Ways to Draw the Illusion of Depth

Pen and ink drawings of olive trees
When drawing in a naturalistic style, it is helpful to draw from conduct observation, or by using reference images .
however, for an initial sketch, or when drawing from imagination, there are several prove methods to create the magic trick of depth .

1. Volume

Unlike flat objects, 3D objects appear to have book, and therefore indicate depth.

A cubic object has highlighted and shadow areas, depending on the location of the light informant .
3D object has volume and indicates depth
flat v 3D object with book
Example :
Pen and ink drawing of an olive tree
Pen and ink olive tree

2. Size

According to the rules of position, the further an object is, the smaller it looks .
For that reason, when you draw similar objects in unlike sizes, the perceiver can conclude that smaller objects are farther away, therefore create a common sense of depth .
objects with different size indicate depth
Objects with unlike size
Example :
Pen and ink drawing of two olive trees
Pen and ink olive trees
In addition, you can use size to create a sense of quad .
Adding a belittled object to a defined outer space, makes it look big :
Pencil drawing of a kayak paddler in cave
little object defines large space
Adding a adult object to the lapp quad, makes it look small :
Man walking in cave pencil drawing
large object defines small space

3. Overlapping

A body concealing separate of another consistency indicates that the body it is hiding is far away .
Overlapping objects conceal each other
Overlapping objects
Overlapping is a powerful method acting to add depth !
Example :
Pen drawing of two overlapping olive trees
Overlapping olive trees
If you like my tree drawings, you are welcome to visit my guide on how to draw ANY corner with a pen .
Pen drawings of trees

4. Position/Height

When the free-base of objects is positioned higher on the drawing come on, they look farther away .
Using position to create illusion of depth
different positioning
In most cases, the base of closer objects is lower on the drawing surface, AND the peak separate of close up objects is higher than far objects .
note :
This happens when the horizon is placed in the middle ( more on that former ) .
Position and height of near object
Closer object position & stature
The reason is the perceiver ‘s ocular angle, meaning not measuring in meters but in degrees, in position .
Observer angle of sight
Observer angle of batch
Remember :
There is no actual depth in a draw ; the newspaper sail is two-dimensional. therefore, habit height to determine the illusion of depth .
Example :
Pen and ink drawing of a tree
Tree position
When looking from above, the top separate of closer objects is lower on the drawing surface .
Height of objects when viewed from above
opinion from above
here is my review of commend technical pens for drawing, which I use on a regular footing .
Drawings with pens

5. Contrast & Details

The contrast between the iniquity and light areas decreases, as does the amount of details, as an object is far away .
Decreasing levels of contrast and details with distance
Decreasing levels of contrast & details
That is to say, when drawing or paint, areas with high line come forward, and areas with less contrast recede .
Example :
Landscape with trees pencil drawing
Trees pencil drawing

6. Edges

When an object or coat ends in a sharp way, it means it has a difficult edge .
cushy edges are when objects end in a gradual way, from dark to light .
Hard vs soft edges when drawing
Hard/sharp vanadium soft edges
foreground objects have hard edges, and consequently in focus .
Background objects have soft edges, and therefore bleary .
Foreground object edges are sharp
Background objects have soft edges
This happens due to atmospheric position .
mean, with distance, there are more standard atmosphere ( vent ) particles between the observer and the object .
These particles scatter light. That is why aloof objects look bleary, and with fewer details and contrast .
You can use your artistic license to create an impression of a television camera, forcing depth between two objects that are relatively conclude .
Example :
Realistic pencil drawing of sparrow birds
Two hedge sparrow birds

7. Horizon

Dividing your drawing into ground and sky by a horizon line, mountain range, vegetation, or any other way, attests to depth .
In addition, by adding prime, the objects stop “ hovering ” .
Use of horizon to create depth
Horizon and land
Pencil drawing model :
Pencil drawing of a Pine tree in the snow
Snowy horizon & pine tree
Remember :
Your drawing surface is two-dimensional ! You have no depth, only width and acme .
As objects are closer to the horizon, they appear far away .
Objects close to the horizon look far
Height as a measure of outdistance
In the prototype above, trees that are higher on the drawing coat ( toward the horizon ) look farther away .
Clouds that are lower on the drawing surface ( toward the horizon ) look farther away .
For a list of equipment that I use for lottery, visit my lead for pencil drawing materials .
Example of drawing materials, including pencils and erasers

8. Perspective

By using analogue position, it is possible to demonstrate depth in a realistic manner .
Illusion of depth using linear perspective
linear position
Example :
Pen and ink drawing of a house in perspective
House sketch in perspective
If you are new to linear perspective, read my linear perspective guide, it is an crucial draw fundamental.

Examples for drawing in linear perspective

9. Foreshortening

Objects in presence of the spectator, such as buildings, trees, mountains, people, etc., look smaller as they are further off, but maintain the ratio between acme and width. This means that there is no distorted shape .
On the other hand, when you change the object ( or your ) angle of sight, and the object is now along your argumentation of sight, it gets shorter in that management .
Foreshortening painting when being looked at an angle
Foreshortened oil painting
This distorted shape is due to the angle of sight. The more an object is in your direction of spy, the more it is distorted ( become much shorter in that direction ) .
For case, a lake that in reality can be round, in position becomes more elliptic as the distance between it and the observer grows .
Foreshortening drawing of a lake
Foreshortened lake
note :
shed shadows are discipline to foreshortening ( unless they are in movement of the observer ) .
Pen drawing of an olive tree & shadow
Cast shadow foreshorten
Understanding foreshorten is THE key advantage of experience artists, particularly when drawing from resource .
Initial sketch of paper rolls
Foreshortened cylinder
once your cartoon is discipline, it is ready for rendering .
Toilet paper rolls drawing with markers
Coloring with markers
If you are newfangled to foreshortening, visit my template on drawing from imagination ( It is an advance guidebook, but explained bit-by-bit ) .
Step-by-step examples for drawing from imagination

10. Colors

According to the rules of atmospheric perspective, the farther an object is, the more its color ( hue ) shifts toward the background coloring material, which is normally blue flip .
Far objects hue shift toward the sky
Green slenderly shifts to blue

11. Saturation

The far an object is, the less saturated its coloring material is .
In other words, its color is less deep, bright, or intense, therefore becoming dull or impersonal .
Far objects are less saturated
far objects are dense or grey
Example :
Seashore and mountain oil painting
Seashore oil paint

12. Temperature

Purple, blue and green are aplomb colors ; they bring to mind the ocean, and other cool things .
Red, orange and yellow are warm colors ; they bring to mind fire, or other warm things .
The farther away an object is, there are more air particles between it and the perceiver, i.e. the atmosphere tinge has a bigger effect .
When the flip is blue, the color of background objects shifts gradually toward a bluing imbue due to disperse alight, and therefore becomes cool .
foreground objects are warmer than the background objects since there are less atmosphere particles between the observer and the foreground objects .
Opposite phenomenon may occur in sunrise or sunset .
Temperature in landscape painting
temperature in landscape
For a inspection of markers I use for draw, visit my markers guide .

13. Values

According to atmospheric perspective, farther objects have higher brightness values, meaning their color is lighter .
Far away objects brightness values
Farther object is lighter
For monochromatic drawing, like pencil draw, the same principle applies .
The key is to press hard with a drawing pencil for dark values, or to use pencils with different brightness values .
Mountains brightness values with pencil
foreground objects are dark
In addition, transitions ( gradient ) in brightness values can be used to create the delusion of depth .
Pencil drawing of a man in tunnel
transition from dark to faint
Man with torch in tunnel pencil drawing
passage from lightly to dark

14. Cast Shadow

It is important to draw or paint cast shadows when necessary, and to adjust their commission to the opposition side of the alight reference .
Pen drawing of pine trees and shadow
Cast shadow
Example :
Pen drawing of a landscape and shadows
landscape with pen & ink
In order to learn how to compose a scene and render it, read my tutorial on composing lottery .

15. Brushstrokes & Marks

Some paint styles are done with a collection of single brushstrokes. For exemplar, painting grass blades or leaves .
In these cases, use larger paintbrushes for foreground strokes .
You can do the lapp with a technical playpen .
Use a pen with a bigger nib size for bigger marks when drawing foreground objects, and a smaller nib size for background objects .
Different nib sizes for different marks
Different beak sizes
Example :
Tree drawing with a pen
For an initial cartoon, the guidance of lines/marks or brushstrokes is significant .
Same basic shape with different marks commission tells a different history :
Direction of lines when sketching
Marks focus for creating shapes and depth
When planning a painting, the focus of marks play a major function :
Initial sketch for tree drawing
Marks as first gradation
And, they are necessary when painting .
Example :
Tree and sunset oil painting
corner in sunset petroleum paint
If you are modern to anoint paint, it is good to know the unlike types of paintbrushes for vegetable oil paint .


The winder to create depth when draw is the use of unlike methods to produce a cubic count on a planar surface .
Simply put, there is no actual astuteness in drawing ( or painting ), but an delusion of depth .
Colors :
When using colors, pay attention to color attributes such as imbue, saturation, respect, and temperature .
color is an crucial paint fundamental. here is my guide on mixing colors for realistic painting .
In a monochromatic pull, chastise brightness values are all-important .
Landscape v however animation :
For landscape paint, it is beneficial to understand linear and atmospheric position .
When painting a still life, use methods like line, overlap, and balmy edges, to create depth .
Where to go future ?
After understanding depth, you might want to visit my beginners guide to naturalistic pencil drawing.

And, learn about the 8 identify factors for painting platonism .
If you like drawing with pens, hera is my flower drawing guide .

beginning : https://epicentreconcerts.org
Category : How To

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.