Taking the Hassle out of House Training Your Kitten
Wayne L. Hunthausen, DVM, and Gary M. Landsberg, DVM, Dipl. ACVB
While most cats can be trained to use a litter box, it ’ south significant that you help your kitten get off to a beneficial startle. If possible, you should obtain a kitten that already has been litter box trained in its former home. It will adapt to a new environment more promptly than a kitten that has not been trained.
The Right Equipment
When you get a new kitten, find out what type of litter is used in its previous home. Use the lapp type of litter at first, then gradually introduce it to a new brand if necessary. Often a credit card box is the most hardheaded and easy to clean. The sides should be moo adequate that your kitten can easily climb in and out. Place the box in a relatively quieten area of your home with minimal traffic, where your kitten can have some privacy. Be certain the box is easily accessible, possibly near to your kitten ’ randomness sleeping area .
Some kittens dislike scented litter, so it is normally best to start with an unscented clay or cluster bedding material. If you already have cats at home, provide an extra box for each new cat-o’-nine-tails. Most kittens will automatically use kitty litter in preference to other surfaces, except possibly the land of a potted plant. To prevent mishaps, keep plants out of your kitten ’ s compass or cover the dirt with pine cones or cosmetic rock .
To ensure that your kitten uses its bedding material box every prison term, keep it within eyesight at all times. If it stops playing and begins sniffing around, gently carry it to the bedding material box. Praise any sniff or rub and give it loads of praise or a little food dainty for eliminating. Whenever you are unable to watch your kitten, restrict it to a cat-proofed room with its bedding material box. Continue this for at least the first two weeks, until your kitten is using its box regularly .
Using a breed litter box can help control the olfactory property in your home and can be helpful for kittens with poor calculate. If your cat is reluctant to use a breed box, condition it to this setup by placing a big cardboard box over its litter box. Gradually decrease the size of the cardboard until it approximates the commercial box. then make the switch .
It’s a Dirty Job but You’ve Got to Do It
You must keep the box clean so that your kitten will return to use it. To start out, it is better to err on the side of being excessively fastidious about the clean. Scoop the box at least once daily and more frequently if you have the time. wholly clean the entire corner once a week, unless you are using a cluster litter ( which might only need a dispatch clean every two to four weeks ). To clean the box, empty out the contents, use a balmy soap and hot water, and rinse well to remove all the soap smell .
once you have found a mark of litter, type of box, and localization your kitten likes, avoid making sudden changes. If you want to change the litter, place the box with the modern litter in a newly location, but do not take away the old litter until your kitten is using the new brand. Or try mixing the new and old brands for a few weeks .
Since it is significant that your kitten feels comfortable where it eliminates, try to prevent anything unpleasant from happening when it is near its litter box. Don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate give your kat medicine or scold it when it ’ south near the corner. Locate the box in an area spare of startling noises, such as a moisten machine, radiator, or furnace. If you need to keep your kitten away from children or dogs, use a child gate or a pool doorway to a placid board.
Read more: How To Do a Smokey Eye
When Mistakes Occur
If your kitten eliminates outside its corner, it won ’ t take farseeing for it to develop a habit of using this undesirable area. So it is essential that you identify and correct the lawsuit correct away .
Causes for House Soiling:
- Brand of litter was changed
- Litter has scented additives or the odor of cleansers/deodorants
- Litter box is not cleaned frequently enough
- Litter box was moved to a noisy area
- Kitten was frightened in or near the box
- Kitten has medical problems
- Changes in a previously stable social structure can cause behavioral problems including eliminating outside the litter box
If the habit persists make certain that the dirty area has been thoroughly cleaned and treated with a commercial olfactory property neutralizer. many cats will not soil an area where their food or urine is placed. To decrease the appeal of the dirty area, place a sheet of formative carpet base runner ( nubs up ), bilateral sticky videotape, an aversive smell ( perfume, deodorized soap ), or a motion detector alarm in the area .
never punish your kitten for making a fix outside its litter box. Punishment normally makes things worse or creates other problems such as concern of the owner, specially if you swat your kitten or rub its nose in the batch .
If your kitten continues to eliminate out of the litter box, take it to your veterinarian. A physical examination and lab tests can make certain there are no existing checkup problems. For case, bladder disease, diarrhea, and stultification can irritate your kitten when it eliminates and cause it to avoid the corner. Please schedule an appointment .
As kittens mature, they may begin to spray. Spraying is a imprint of territorial marking-cats typically will urinate on vertical surfaces such as walls and furniture. Although neutering eliminates most spray, some alter cats do spray. If the trouble persists after neutering, seek advice from your veterinarian.
Kittens are creatures of habits. once you find a litter and box placement that the cat likes, stick with it .
Although most kittens are litter trained at 8 weeks of senesce, some are up to 6 months before they are faithfully using their box. If you adhere to the comply guidelines you will give yourself the best chance of achiever when “ trail ” your kitten to go in the right topographic point .
- Most cats prefer fine grained clumping litter at 3” depth
- Scoop box daily and completely change/clean box weekly (with an unscented detergent like Ivory or Dawn).
- Ideally use a relatively shallow/uncovered box that is 1 ½ times the length of an adult cat (excluding tail)
- Make sure the box is in a quiet/private area of the home
- Number of boxes in the home should be one more than the number of cats (i.e., if 3 cats, 4 boxes). Make sure they are available on each level of the home and not all gathered in one area