How to Install Pavers | Installing a Patio | Step by Step Guide

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How to Build a Patio : Step by Step Guide

Tools:
Shovel
Tape Measure
Garden Rake
Tamper
Rubber Mallet
Hammer
Mason Chisel
Broom
Caulk Gun ( optional )
circular Saw ( optional )
Masonry Circular Saw Blade
Materials:
Pavers
Paver Base
String
Landscape Fabric + Landscape Fabric Pins
Paver Sand
2×4 Wood Board
Paver Edge Restraints + Paver Spikes
Jointing/Polymeric Sand
Construction Adhesive
Marking Paint ( optional )

How to install pavers – We carry most material needed for patio installations !
Stop by one of our locations in Harwich or Mashpee for everything you ’ ll need to complete your stick out.

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Draw it Out.

How to Install Pavers Guide
As with most projects, learning how to install pavers requires a plan. Map out your existing landscape on graph paper, including major elements such as your home, existing walkways, and trees. Don ’ triiodothyronine forget to consider view lines from windows and doors and how your visualize will affect them. Add your new project to the map, and work toward a finished blueprint accurate to 1 inch .
When you plan your patio or walk, your desired consumption will help determine the location :

  • Build a patio near a pool or along the house as a place to entertain or just relax.
  • Create a walkway and small patio near a garden for a quiet retreat.
  • Construct an outdoor kitchen with a barbecue area near your house so you don’t have to walk far for cooking supplies.

In addition, you ’ ll want to be sure that you keep away from underground utilities and keep off areas near large trees — the roots will be very unmanageable to deal with .
project shape and paver stylus, color and form are largely a matter of personal sample. We have a huge survival to compliment many different tastes, landscapes and functions. Be sure to think about who will be using the space frequently, and choose materials with their particular needs in mind. For model, irregular flagging provides a authoritative, banal look, while a drum sander, more unconstipated surface may work better for guests .
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Size it Up.

How to Install Pavers Guide
design a patio boastfully enough to accommodate the furnishings you want. For model, if you plan to use your patio for meals, you ’ ll need enough outer space to comfortably place a boom set. Don ’ thyroxine forget to factor in space for the chairs to slide out and walking space around them. Add room for any other furnishings you want on your patio, such as extra furniture, planters or a fire pit .
If you ’ re creating a walk, plan for a width of at least 2 feet to accommodate one person and at least 4 feet to allow two people to walk side-by-side. A wheelchair will need a slenderly larger nerve pathway, consider something that ’ s at least 3 feet broad and a 5-foot-wide turn around area .
Remember ! Before beginning any mining, check for clandestine utilities. Call the North America One Call Referral Service at 1-888-258-0808 ( or just dial 811 ) for a national directory of utility companies .
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Crunch the Numbers.

How to Install Pavers Guide
Step 1 .
Calculate the sum area of your project in squarely feet. This measurement determines the total of pavers and the amount of paver base and paver sand you need .
(Length in feet) x (Width in feet) = Area

For Example: 14 ft x 10 ft = 140 sq ft
irregular shapes can be calculated by breaking it down into multiple sections. Calculate the area of each individual section and add these in concert .
Step 2.

Determine the square footage per musical composition of your pavers. Use the actual dimensions of the paver when calculating this figure. These examples use pavers that are 7.7 inches long and 3.8 inches wide. ( A square foot equals 144 square inches. )
(Paver Length in inches) x (Paver Width in inches) ÷ 144 = Square Footage Per Piece
7.7 in x 3.8 in ÷ 144 = 0.20 sq ft
When you shop for pavers, look for planning guides that list the square footage per piece for diverse pavers — including those with irregular shapes — and that provide information to help you estimate your needs if you use a combination of pavers with different sizes .
Step 3.

Estimate the count of pavers you need .
(Area of project in square feet) ÷ (Square footage per piece) = Estimated Minimum Number of Pavers
96 sq ft ÷ 0.20 sq ft = 480 Pavers
Purchase 10 % more pavers than your estimate. The excess should account for breakage, pavers that you need to cut and replacements for future repairs .
Step 4.

Determine the total of paver base necessary. Paver base is perplex that creates a solid floor and helps the area drain by rights. The paver foundation for a patio or walk should be 4 inches deep when compacted. The calculation below factors in compaction .
(Length in inches) x (Width in inches) x [(Depth of Base Material in inches) + (Depth of Base Material in inches x 0.20)] ÷ 1728 = Cubic Feet of Base Material
144 in x 96 in x [4 in + (4 in x 0.20)] ÷ 1728 = 38.40 cu ft
Be certain to find out if your paver requires a “ wet-set ” or “ dry-set ”. This will help lengthen the life of the pavers and prevent snap .
Step 5.

Estimate the sum of paver sand you need. The sand holds the pavers in place and allows you to adjust them. The paver backbone needs to be 1 inch deep. The calculation below accounts for sandpaper trickle into the paver al-qaeda and into the joints between the pavers .
(Area in square feet) ÷ 6 = Cubic Feet of Paver Sand
96 sq ft ÷ 6 = 16 cu ft

Step 6.

Calculate the circumference of your project. This figure defines how much paver edge constraint you need .
(Length of Side in feet) + (Length of Side in feet) + (Length of Side in feet) + (Length of Side in feet) = Perimeter
12 ft + 8 ft + 12 ft + 8 ft = 40 ft
If you ’ re installing a patio or walk against a structure, you only need to include the open edges of the project in your margin calculations. You won ’ t need paver edge restraints on the edges that are next to the social organization .
Step 7.

Calculate the compulsory quantity of paver edge restraints. You ’ ll base this on the perimeter of the project and the edge restraints you choose. The example below uses paver edge restraints available in 6-foot sections .
(Perimeter in feet) ÷ (Length in feet of an individual edge restraint section) = Number of Sections of Edge Restraint
40 ft ÷ 6 ft = 6.7 Sections
patio-paver-installation-diy

Lay the Foundation.

How to Install Pavers Guide
Step 1.
standard the area for the patio or walk in the desire location. Move out six inches on all sides from the planned area and drive stakes into the ground, running string or freemason ’ randomness agate line between the stakes to outline the excavation area. If you ’ re installing a patio or walk against a social organization, move out from the sides that are not adjacent to the structure. The excess outer space will allow you to install paver edge restraints around the patio or walk to hold the pavers in identify .
Step 2.

If your design is rectangular, check the layout for squarely. measure the distance diagonally between the corners. If the two diagonal measurements are equal, the area is square. Adjust the layout as needed .
Step 3.

Estimate the inches of drop from the edge of the visualize closest to your house or early structure to the edge farthest away, allowing a slope of 1/4 edge per foot. Excavate at least 6 inches of land to maintain this gradient. sporadically check the depth and slope. The anchor should always slope away from structures for proper drain. If it doesn ’ thymine, expand your mining at the army for the liberation of rwanda border to accommodate a boundary of retaining wall blocks in two or more courses or consider regrading that parcel of your yard .
Step 4.

Use a rake to spread paver base to a pack thickness of four inches. Add the material in two column inch increments and thoroughly compress each layer before adding the next. Make surely the finished root has a uniform coat and maintains the slope for drain .
You can compact the infrastructure with a pass meddle or rip a plate compactor to make the work quicker and easier. wear work gloves, safety glasses and hearing auspices when using a plate compactor .
Step 5.

Cover the excavation area with landscape framework to inhibit weed growth .
Step 6.

Lay a pair of 1-inch-outside-diameter pipes parallel to each early on the compact establish. Spread paver sand over the base. Smooth the backbone at a 1-inch astuteness by pulling a 2-x-4 board across the pipes. Remove the pipes. Fill in and level the gaps they leave. Depending on the size and condition of your stick out, you may have to repeat the action until you have a uniform 1-inch bed of backbone across the entire area
backbone can filter down into the paver base. Check the depth and slope before laying pavers .
patio-install-pavers

Cover Ground.

How to Install Pavers Guide
Step 1.
Beginning at the corner where you have the least flexibility for alteration ( such as next to a structure ), lay pavers in the coveted model. Keep the pavers tight against each other. Do not place pavers in the extra 6-inch perimeter you established in Step 1. Maintain a uniform coat and the proper slope. Tap the pavers with a rubber mallet to adjust and set them. Work gloves should always be worn when working on a plan of this nature .
Step 2.

You will likely need to cut some pavers to create your blueprint or to finish off edges. Use a hammer and chisel or a circular examine and masonry blade to cut the pavers .
To create a 90-degree miter corner, cut a 45-degree fish on two pavers. Glue the switch off sides together with exterior-grade concrete adhesive so the two faces form the finished outside corner .
important ! Wear eye protective covering and work gloves when cutting pavers. If you use a power see, you besides need hearing security and a base hit mask / respirator .
Step 3.

Install paver boundary restraints around the entire project .
Step 4.

Make sure the come on is wholly dry, and spread joint backbone or polymeric sand on the initiation. The box should tell you how to determine the total of corporeal you need.

Add the Finishing Touches.

How to Install Pavers Guide
now that you know how to install pavers, complete your project with some touches that make your hard work stand out :

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