The basic estimate is to agitate the corporeal in the pan in water system thus as to stratify it with the heaviest stuff at the bed and the lightest stuff at the top. then you want to move the pan so that the water washes the lighter stuff on top out of the pan. Be careful not to pour material out of the pan, or you will lose gold. Periodically you will want to stop moisten and re-stratify the material with more agitation. You want to make sure the gold is always at the bottom of the pan.
In the end, all you want left in the pan is fleshy black sandpaper and ( hopefully ) some amber. The second photograph shows the results of panning down a closely full pan of crap and gravel to precisely black sand and amber. If this is what you see in the buttocks of your aureate pan, then you are doing it right.
The very slippery partially of aureate pan is separating the little bits and flakes of gold from the black backbone. With a little practice, you will get the hang of swirling the black backbone around the inside of the pan and concentrating the aureate at the border. If you are golden, there will be a few bits of amber big adequate to pick out with tweezers. I tweeze out these “ pickers ” and put them in my gold phial. The following photograph shows a few “ pickers ” in my pan, along with a borderline nugget sized bit of aureate. For the numerous smaller flakes of gold besides bantam to pick out with tweezers, I use the sniffer bottle. Just suck up as many of the little glazed bits of gold as you can, while trying to get as short of the black sand as possible. sometimes I use my finger to push the little bits of gold together into one topographic point, out of the bulk of the black sand mass, before sucking them up with the sniffer bottle.
There is still gold in that black backbone. therefore do n’t discard it. After you get all the easy to remove gold out of it, dump the black sandpaper in your concenrates pail. then you are ready to load up the gold pan with more paydirt and pan some more.