Work permit in the Netherlands

Every non-EU citizen who wants to work in the Netherlands has to obtain a valid influence let. Either the employee or their prospective employer may request the let, although it is normally the employer who makes the request. A work permit is valid only for the employer who makes the request and ceases if / when the employee leaves the job. There is no general sour permit for the Netherlands .

Who needs a Dutch work permit

Expats from within the EU, the EEA ( the EU plus Iceland, Lichtenstein and Norway ) or Switzerland do not need a work or residence license for the Netherlands, as citizens of these nations have to right to freedom of apparent motion within each other. The most holocene europium member countries for which full freedom of movement came into effect was Bulgaria and Romania at the begin of 2014. As of July 1, 2018, people from Croatia no long need a dutch sour license to work in the Netherlands. Expats besides do not need a work let if they are here to perform certain types of bring for short periods of clock time on an occasional footing ( such as wardrobe service staff, musicians and visiting lecturers ). All early internationals will need a permit of some kind to work in the Netherlands.

Types of work permits in the Netherlands

The main kinds of work let that apply to the Netherlands are :

  • GVVA or Single Permit
  • Highly skilled migrant permit
  • Orientation year (zoekjaar) permits for expat graduates
  • Entrepreneur permit

There are besides a few other situations in which non-EU expats may work in the Netherlands without applying for one of the major work permits ( see below ) .

GVVA / Single Permit in the Netherlands

From April 1, 2014, expats who want to work in the Netherlands can apply for the GVVA or Single Permit, a combination of the tewerkstellingsvergunning or TWV work license and the mansion license .

What is a GVVA / Single Permit

The GVVA / Single Permit consists of a dutch mansion let ( verblijfsvergunning ) and an extra document stating for which employer the extraneous national is permitted to work and under which conditions. The GVVA is intended for workers and trainees from outside the EEA and Switzerland who will stay in the Netherlands for more than three months .

Before a GVVA employment permit application can be filed, an employer must show that efforts have taken stead to recruit a desirable employee in the Netherlands and European Union. only after these recruitment efforts have not led to a suitable candidate can an employer depart looking for employees outside the EU .

GVVA / Single Permit application process

The application for a GVVA should be submitted to the Dutch Immigration and Naturalisation Department ( IND ), normally by the prospective employer. The relevant application documents can be downloaded from their web site. Once the fee has been paid and all the necessity forms have been submitted, the IND will ask the UWV ( Dutch social security agency ) to advise if the prospective employee may live and work in the Netherlands. The UWV ’ mho assessment is based on the criteria of the Aliens Employment Act ( Wav ). The IND will make its decision based on the advice from the UWV. If the decision is plus and GVVA is issued, the IND will inform the employer. once the GVVA is available, the employer will be notified by the IND that the foreign employee can pick up both documents in person. It may be that the UWV will contact either the employer or the employee during the application serve to clarify some aspect of the application or put .

Who cannot apply for a GVVA / Single Permit

Some people who wish to work in the Netherlands can not receive a GVVA : students who wish to work, refuge seekers, seasonal worker workers, employees transferred within a multinational group, employees who come for a maximum of three months and croatian nationals. These individuals must request a TWV work allow individually from the UWV .

GVVA / Single Permit & Work experience in the Netherlands

The GVVA Single Permit besides applies to the people coming to the Netherlands to gain work experience, either for cogitation or work purposes, and people enrolled in the Canadian Young Workers Exchange Program ( YWEP ). Again, it is normally the employer ( or sponsor in this subject ) who makes the lotion .

Highly skilled migrant permit in the Netherlands

The highly skilled migrant scheme ( kennismigrant ) is designed to allow Dutch employers to bring talented foreign professionals to the Netherlands and retain them. This means that employers in the Netherlands can organise Dutch solve permits quickly for highly skilled international employees, without having to prove that there are no suitable dutch or EU candidates .

Requirements for highly skilled migrant permit in the Netherlands

To qualify as a highly skilled migrant for work in the Netherlands, international applicants generally need :

  • Skills and experience that are relatively scarce.
  • A higher educational level (Bachelor minimum).
  • Some years of work experience.
  • Specialisation (for example in IT, engineering or science).

merely recognize organisations are able to submit applications on behalf of a highly skilled migrant. That means the arrangement has to be recognised by the IND as a sponsor .

Conditions for highly skilled migrant permit in the Netherlands

In order to apply for a dutch highly skilled migrant visa, an employment abridge or an appointment decisiveness ( or a node agreement for guest lecturers ) must be in place. For an inner transfer to a Dutch-based arm of an international company, an employer ’ s declaration is required from the foreign employer, which should include the duration of the transportation, the type of employment and the income. other conditions include :

  • Having a valid passport.
  • Having a healthcare insurance in the Netherlands.
  • Not having previously stayed in the country illegally.
  • Given false or withheld information on previous applications.

extraneous nationals from countries early than Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, Monaco, New Zealand, Suriname, Switzerland and the United States of America must undergo a quiz for TB within three months after the residency let has been issued. Partners and children of highly skilled migrants will besides be allowed to work in the Netherlands.

Income requirements for highly skill migrants

The applicant must besides satisfy the minimal income requirements for highly skilled migrants which are ( as of January 1, 2022 ) :

Applicant Minimum income
Older than 30 years € 4.840
Younger than 30 years € 3.549
Subsequent to graduation or after
job-seeking year for graduates / highly educated persons
€ 2.543
European Blue Card Holders € 5.670

Note : Income is gross wage per calendar month, excluding holiday valuation reserve. This income necessity does not apply for scientific researchers or physicians in aim to become specialists. In that encase, their income must at least meet the provisions listed in the dutch Minimum Wage Act ( wml ) .

Length of time for decision for highly skilled migrant permit

If the employer is a spot administration with the IND, the allow should only take two weeks to process. If the employer is not, then they will have to first go through the adjustment process, which will add to the solid march time .

European Blue Card

The EU Blue Card is a mansion permit for highly modify employment of third-country nationals in the European Union. Conditions for an EU Blue Card include a valid work contract or binding job offer of at least one year, meeting the agreed minimum wage ( above ). The same personal conditions apply as for highly skilled migrants. As the application process for a highly skilled migrant in the Netherlands is among the most favorable for allowing skilled labor in within the EU, and the agreed minimal wage is a lot lower, there are no real stream benefits in applying for an EU Blue Card rather of a highly skilled migrant let for those who plan to stay in the Netherlands. If, however, you wish to be able to move around the EU, then EU Blue Card holders ( and their families ) are able to move to another EU country to take up another highly qualified position ( as per the EU Blue Card Directive ) after 18 months ( legal ) mansion in the Netherlands. The Dutch highly skilled migrant allow, on the early hand, is restricted to the Netherlands. besides, there are benefits in terms of gaining permanent EC long-run residence. It is besides possible for people already in the monomania of a highly skilled migrant permit to apply for a change of residence permit into EU Blue Card, provided the conditions are met .

Orientation year for highly educated migrants in the Netherlands

This is a license for non-EU / EAA / Swiss citizens who have graduated at a master or PhD level at one of the top 150 universities global ( as per QS World University Rankings or ARWU from Jiao Tong Shanghai University ) in the last three years. They are able to apply for the regeling hoogopgeleide ( highly educated opinion ) orientation class, which allows graduates to spend a year in the Netherlands looking for exploit. Once they find use, the employer must apply for a highly skilled migrant ferment permit, but with a lower wage necessity than for other applicants ( see above ). If graduates have not found a job within the year, they will need to leave the Netherlands .

Search year permit (zoekjaar) for graduates in the Netherlands

This allow is for non-EU / EAA / swiss students who graduated from Dutch universities. once their studies in the Netherlands are complete, graduates who wish to work may apply for a zoekjaar ( search year ). This is a residence license for one year that allows graduates to look for a caper in the Netherlands, for exemplar as a highly skilled migrant. If they do not find a job during the search year, they have to leave the area. To apply for a search year, graduates should contact the IND before the end of their studies, as one can not stay in the Netherlands without a right residence let. For those who did not apply for a zoekjaar directly after finishing their studies, but wish to apply for one, then a long as less than three years have elapsed since they finished their studies, they can apply for the regeling hoogopgeleide ( highly educated rule ) orientation year ( see above ) .

Work permit for entrepreneurs / self-employed in the Netherlands

Those who want to come to the Netherlands to start up their own occupation will need to apply for a residence permit for self-employment ( verblijfsvergunning voor arbeid als zelfstandige ). To qualify for this permit, entrepreneurs must meet the requirements for the operation of their business or profession and be in possession of all necessary permits for the operation of the caller. besides, their business natural process must demonstrate a solid benefit to the Netherlands. This is tested by experts in the dutch government miniseries : for example, the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science will advise in the case of an artist, but in most cases, the IND will ask the Ministry of Economic Affairs. A points organization is used to make the decisiveness. Points are awarded in three areas :

  • Personal experience (training, entrepreneurship, work experience).
  • Business (market analysis, product / service, price, organisation, financing).
  • Added value for the Netherlands (innovation, employment creation, investments).

Those who wish to work as a freelance professional in the Dutch healthcare sector must sign up to the Individual Healthcare Professions Act ( BIG ) register, which regulates the provision of healthcare services by individual practitioners. entrance fee to the BIG register enables the use of a professional title acquired internationally .

Situations in which one of the previous permits is unnecessary

There are early situations in which non-EU expats may work in the Netherlands that do not involve applying for one of the previous solve permits .

Having had an EU / Dutch work permit previously

A dutch employer does not need to apply for a cultivate permit for a non-EU citizen if they have worked in the Netherlands on the basis of a dutch residence allow for the purpose of work for five years ( three years for turkish citizens ) .

Working whilst studying in the Netherlands

For non-European students who need a residence permit to study, the following labor second appears on the back of the allow : TWV vereist voor arbeid avant-garde bijkomende aard, andere arbeid niet toegestaan ( work license required for extra work, other exercise not permitted ). This means if students wish to work, they need to apply for a TWV bring permit ( from the UWV ) and then may work a maximal of 16 hours per week during the academic class or full-time during the summer months ( June, July and August ). A work license is not required, however, for doing an internship ( degree ) as part of your education. The internship agreement, however, must be signed between the employer, the intern and the educational institution. note : students who are citizens of any EU / EEA country or Switzerland have no work restrictions .

Voluntary work in the Netherlands

Are you an international student or scientific research worker from outside of the European Union and you want to do voluntary work in the Netherlands ? You do n’t need a function permit ( TWV ) to do indeed, rather, a Volunteer Declaration ( Vrijwilligersverklaring ) is sufficient. This declaration is valid for three years. Organisations, such as NGOs, can apply for the Volunteer Declaration via the UWV. Please eminence, you do not need a Volunteer Declaration if :

  • You are a scientific researcher who holds a residence permit under the directive for scientific research (2005/71/EC).
  • You are in your orientation year.

Working holiday visa in the Netherlands

Nationals of Canada, Australia and New Zealand between 18 and 30 years honest-to-god can apply for the annual Working Holiday Scheme ( Aus / NZ ) or Working vacation Program ( Canada ) in their own nation and do not need a make license when they arrive in the Netherlands. The only prerequisite for a work vacation visa is to be able to financially support oneself in the Netherlands and to find a job within the foremost six weeks .

Working permit with a Dutch / EU partner

Internationals who have a residence license through their dutch or EU collaborator or parents are able to work in the Netherlands without restriction .

More information on work permits in the Netherlands

For more information on your specific situation, go to the Klantdienstwijzer ( customer service information ) section of the IND ( in Dutch ) .

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