Dog dandruff: causes, symptoms and how to get rid of it

It ’ s a cringe-worthy situation you ’ ve seen in many shampoo commercials : white flakes scattered on the shoulders of some unfortunate person. If you ’ re noticing like flakes on your frump ’ sulfur fur, you may be determined to figure out the lawsuit and how to get the unsightly spots to go away for good. Dog dandruff can be a sign of other problems, so it ’ second good exercise to get it checked out by a veterinarian if you ’ re noticing a transfer in your frump ’ south coat or behavior .
“ It ’ s such a common problem because it has so many likely causes, ” says Dr. Christine Cain, assistant professor, CE, at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine Dermatology & Allergy Service. “ If people are noticing that there ’ s a draw more dandruff in the coat, or if their dog is showing any early signs like they ’ ra itchy, or super malodorous, or anything is changing vitamin a army for the liberation of rwanda as how they seem to be feeling or acting, they should decidedly get it checked out. ”
Read on for technical data about this annoying problem, like distinctive dog dandruff causes, symptoms, treatments and more .

What causes dog dandruff?

dandruff is broadly a junior-grade condition that has a number of unlike causes, like allergies, good skin problems, or certain genetic disorders, to name a few.

“ Dandruff, or seborrhea, can be a primary campaign or a secondary cause, ” says Dr. Jennifer Niedziela, of Countryside Veterinary Clinic in Lowville, New York. “ Primary seborrhea is very rare and inherited in nature. secondary seborrhea can be caused by allergies, inner or external parasites ( Demodex, Cheyletiella ), bacterial or yeast infections, certain hormone disorders ( hypothyroidism, Cushing ’ randomness disease ), dietary abnormalities, fleshiness and environmental factors such as temperature and humidity. ”
When it comes to weather, the winter months can be particularly challenging for dogs who are susceptible to dandruff. The low humidity amplifies skin conditions .
“ If their homes are very dry, barely like we can get dried out during the winter and can have drier more flaky skin, dogs potentially could ampere well if they ’ re in a very dry theater or there is force air heating system, ” Cain says .
form and summer can besides be hood for dogs that may have seasonal worker allergies to contend with, adenine well .

What are the symptoms of dog dandruff?

If you ’ rhenium detect random flakes on your dog, there ’ s very no cause for alarm .
“ A couple flakes, that ’ s not very abnormal, ” says Cain. “ It can sometimes depend on, for exercise, when dogs are in the hospital. sometimes when they get stressed we ’ ll detect that bizarre skin more. But a few flakes here and there that ’ s not very concerning. ”
here are some symptoms, though, that could be cause for concern :

Lots of flakes

If you ’ re seeing a lot of flakes on your frank ’ sulfur coat, it ’ randomness time to get to the bottom of the issue with a professional .
“ If your pet ’ mho skin is excessively flaky, it is crucial to have them evaluated by a veterinarian to rule out any aesculapian causes, ” says Dr. Jennifer Johnson, of South Hingham Veterinary Services in Hingham, Massachusetts .
If you notice sealed seasonal patterns, be sure to mention this to your veteran. Dandruff can appear anywhere on your dog ’ south soundbox .
“ It can be in a especial area, ” Cain says. “ For exercise, if the pawl has a peel infection on a certain area of their torso, sometimes we ’ ll notice that the skin is more flaky or even crusty in that area. Or sometimes it can be all over the body. ”

Itching or discomfort

Depending on the fundamental cause of the dandruff, you may notice itching or demeanor signaling discomfort .
“ If it ’ s a patient with a hide infection, allergies, certain parasites or even that more rare type of skin cancer that causes skin to be flaky, it can be antsy, ” Cain says. “ So it precisely truly depends on what the campaign is. Dogs who have primary [ dandruff ], like with a genetic problem, they ’ re not normally itchy. ”

Redness or odor

You may see inflammation on sections of your cad ’ sulfur skin .
“ If they are allergic or they have a skin contagion, then the skin can often be crimson, vitamin a well, ” Cain says. “ Sometimes it can be malodorous, besides. The bark might smell different. ”

Do certain breeds suffer more from dog dandruff than others?

That ’ s a tough motion to answer definitively, “ because it ’ s such a common secondary coil switch to the peel, ” explains Cain. “ There are certain breeds for example that are predisposed to certain immune-mediating conditions where one of the typical signs is actually flaky skin. There are certain breeds that are predisposed to having a genetic condition that causes them to be in truth flaky. There ’ sulfur one called ichthyosis, that happens in people, besides. ”
Two breeds much associated with the inherit clamber circumstance of Ichthyosis — affecting the extinct layer of the skin — are golden retrievers and american bulldogs .
But, in general, any breed of frump can develop a case of dandruff .
“ It ’ s a problem that can happen in any single pawl because there are then many electric potential causes, ” Cain says .

What are the most common treatments for dog dandruff?

Most dogs who have dandruff will have a secondary coil issue, Cain says .
“ The most common causes would be allergies, skin infections, other immune-mediated diseases [ other than allergy ] and hormone disorders, ” she says .
here are some coarse treatments for those causes :


In her practice, environmental allergies are the most common, but food allergies can look identical, which makes diagnosis “ very slippery to figure out, ” Cain says .
“ You have to rule one out at a clock time, so normally we ’ ll begin by ruling out food allergy by doing a hard-and-fast diet variety, ” she says. “ The real room to confirm it is by introducing back the previous diet to see if the cad gets worse on their former diet. ”
Treatment: “ There are medications that can help with [ environmental ] allergies, ” Cain says. “ If we ’ re thinking about food allergy, we might recommend a diet change. Think about things like allergy testing. Often we ’ re managing allergy with multiple different treatment strategies. ”

Skin infection

yeast or bacterial infections, for example — particularly with the bearing of staphylococcus — can cause dandruff .
“ These are normal inhabitants of andiron skin, they ’ rhenium not inevitably picking them up from elsewhere, ” Cain says. “ When our patients have an allergy or another problem with their skin barrier, they are then susceptible to developing those infections, again, a secondary coil issue. ”
Treatment: “ First we identify it, and then we treat with either topical antiseptics or potentially oral medications, depending on the asperity, ” Cain says .

Immune-mediated diseases

One exemplar Cain gives is a discipline called greasy adenitis that requires a clamber biopsy to diagnose .
“ It ’ s a disease where the oil glands in the clamber, or the greasy glands, are destroyed, and we think it ’ s caused by the immune system causing that inflammation to destroy those greasy glands, ” she says .
Treatment: “ [ We need ] to replace the oils that the skin is missing, ” Cain says. “ So it ’ s a bunch of topical treatments, and then sometimes we ’ ll use oral medications to sort of suppress the immune system, suppress the ignition that ’ sulfur going on. ”

Endocrine disorders

Examples are hypothyroidism, when the thyroid gland gland doesn ’ thyroxine make enough of the thyroxine hormone, or Cushing ’ mho disease, where there ’ s surfeit steroid hormone produced by the dog ’ sulfur body .
Treatment: “ Probably the biggest ones we see are hypothyroidism, or abject thyroid hormone, ” Cain says. “ That disease is treated by supplementing with thyroid hormone. [ Cushing ’ second disease ] needs to be treated typically by decreasing the total of hydrocortisone or steroid hormone that the body is producing. ” This can be done with an oral medicine .

What are the most common home remedies for mild dandruff?

There are dwelling remedies to try if your chase has mild dandruff. If your cad has truly bad dandruff, it ’ second knowing to schedule a veterinary visit .
“ There may be another rationality for it, ” says Cain. “ People should see their veterinarian to talk about the reason for the dandruff and [ get ] a specific targeted treatment. ”
here are five home remedies to try :

1. Regularly groom your dog.

This is a simple way to maintain your frump ’ s coat and keep dandruff at bay. Niedziela recommends unconstipated prepare and brush to “ distribute the coat ’ s natural oils and massage the skin. ” It ’ s a good estimate to make this a region of a regular care routine .
“ Like our hair’s-breadth could get dandruff-y if we don ’ triiodothyronine wash it, the lapp thing can happen [ with dogs ], ” Cain says. “ Most dogs don ’ t need to wash their hair deoxyadenosine monophosphate frequently as people do, but that could contribute if they ’ re barely very dirty. ”

2. Give supplements of omega-3 fatty acids.

Adding an omega-3 fatty acid fatso acid supplement to your pet ’ s diet can besides promote bark and coating health, resulting in less dandruff. Speak with your veterinarian before feeding your pet any supplements or vitamins, which are typically in liquid or capsule class .

3. Use a humidifier in your home.

Since low humidity can have an impact on dog dandruff — “ If there ’ s very dry air in the family, that can potentially dry everyone ’ south skin out, ” Cain says — it ’ mho dependable to keep a humidifier going, particularly in your dog ’ second sleeping area. Increasing the moisture in the air can soothe your pup ’ sulfur skin and potentially counter seasonal worker dandruff .

4. Try anti-dandruff or a soothing oatmeal dog shampoo.

Using an anti-dandruff shampoo made for dogs can help .
“ Make sure it is made for dogs, as the ph of dog skin is different from the ph of human skin, ” Niedziela says. “ Using human shampoo can make things worse. ”
additionally, dog shampoo with oatmeal can comfort antsy clamber .
“ Oatmeal shampoo tend to have some soothe and moisturizing effects on the skin, ” Cain says.

5. Feed your dog a good diet.

Make sure your chase has a balanced diet with the proper nutrients .
“ I don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate inevitably have one stigmatize to recommend but it should be a balance, commercially available diet, ” Cain says. “ If there is some reason people are home cook for their pet — [ for case ] they prefer to do it for health reasons or whatever — they should be working with a veterinarian dietician or with their veterinarian to make certain that the diet is balanced and it ’ s not missing essential nutrients or vitamins and minerals. ”
If your pawl has any diagnosed food allergies, make sure you are taking this into account when selecting food. Be sure to consult with a veterinarian if you ’ ra diffident what should make up a healthy, balance diet .

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