How Does a Toilet Work?
The average toilet works via gravity and a siphon effect. Water fills the toilet bowl about halfway, while extra water system is stored in the cooler. When person depresses the toilet handle, the cachet between the tank and the stadium ( called a flapper ) lift, and water from the tank floods into the bowl. The water blackmail forces the contents of the bowl to flow out of the toilet through the drain.
After the flush, the flapper settles back into place, and clean water from a water system supply line flows into the tank until the water level reaches a preset point, which causes the water system flow to cease until the next flush. here are the respective parts you may encounter when repairing a gutter :
- Tank: This toilet part holds enough water to flush the contents of the bowl.
- Trap: Located beneath the bowl, the trap is a curved section of the drain that keeps the water in the bowl from running out until the toilet is flushed.
- Flapper: The seal between the tank and the bowl that lifts and allows the water to rush into the bowl when the toilet is flushed.
- Float: A lightweight component in the tank that rises with the water level and shuts off the water flow when the tank is full. Depending on the tank components, this may also be called a “ball cock” or a “fill valve.”
- Handle: The outwardly visible lever that raises the flapper in the tank when the toilet is flushed to allow water to run into the bowl.
- Bowl-to-floor seal: Commonly called a “wax ring,” this is the soft, moldable seal that fits between the bottom of the toilet and the drainpipe to keep water from leaking out under the toilet.
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How to Fix a Toilet: Simple Solutions to the Most Common Issues
Problem: The toilet bowl is overflowing.
Recommended fix: Plunge the toilet to clear the clog.
A choked toilet will cause the bowl to overflow onto the bathroom floor, but the fix—which happens to be the most coarse of all toilet repairs—doesn ’ t have to ruin your day. Clearing the clog is super childlike, and you probably have a toilet piston already on hand. Simply insert the plunger into the bowl while it ’ randomness still fully of body of water, pressing the mouthpiece of the piston hard against the open at the bottom of the bowl to form a navy seal. then use a rhythmical push-and-pull pumping motion to create atmospheric pressure in the drain and free the clog. Often, precisely plunging will fix it. Don ’ triiodothyronine be excessively enthusiastic. emphatic immerse is likely to splash dirty water all over the toilet. After eight to 10 pumps, lift the diver away from the bottom of the bowl. If you ’ ve freed the clog, the water will drain—it normally takes fair one or two attempts to free a clog. RELATED: The Best Toilet Plungers for the Bathroom
Problem: The handle on the toilet just wiggles but doesn’t flush.
Recommended fix: Check and reconnect the chain in the toilet tank.
If you depress the wield but feel no resistance and the toilet fails to flush, either a connection or the gutter chain inside the tank car has most probable come free. not all tank interiors look precisely alike, but all feature a rise arm ( a thin metallic or fictile perch ) and a arctic show-stopper at the bottomland ( called a “ flapper ” ), which connects via a chain to the plagiarize arm. Learning how to fix a gutter manage is quick and normally solves the problem. ad If the chain comes unhook from the plagiarize arm, the flapper won ’ thyroxine rise to allow water to drain from the tank, preventing the blush. The like problem can occur if the nut that secures the handle to the lift arm ( precisely inside the tank car ) has worked unaffixed. When the problem is a gutter not flushing, the solution could be a bare four-step rectify .
- Turn off the shut-off valve that supplies water to the tank that’s located on the small hose behind the commode.
- Remove the tank cover. Locate the chain connected to the flapper and pull it upward. This will lift the flapper and allow the water in the tank to drain out.
- If the chain has come loose from the lift arm, reconnect it (you should see a notch or a hook). If the toilet chain broke, buy a new one from the hardware store (these usually cost less than $5) and replace it.
- If a loose or broken chain isn’t the problem, the nut that secures the handle (just inside the tank) may have loosened and worked its way down the lift bar. Using your fingers, retighten the nut to the back of the handle until it’s snug, and then turn on the water supply to refill the tank.
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Problem: Water keeps running into the bowl after the tank has refilled.
Recommended fix: Jiggle the handle. If that doesn’t work, replace the flapper.
If you continue to hear urine running in the toilet when the cooler has refilled after a hot flash, give the treat a little jiggle. If the run water stop, the trouble is a faulty flapper. When new, the flapper is flexible and seals tightly in the enfeeble at the penetrate of the tank, settling easily back into place after every blush. Over time, however, the arctic can harden and the flapper won ’ t meet as snugly into the drain, and the result is a leak gutter tank. Replacing the flapper should be just the right toilet compensate. ad
- Turn off the water supply and drain the tank by pulling the flapper chain upward
- Remove the old flapper. Flappers connect in various ways, either with plastic hooks that snap onto a small bar on the overflow tube (a vertical cylinder positioned next to the flapper) or via a ring that slips over the overflow tube. Either way, you won’t need any tools to take it off.
- Take the defunct flapper to your local hardware or plumbing supply store to get an exact match. A new flapper will set you back $10 to $25, depending on the style, and it will come with a new chain.
- Install the new flapper using the same method you used to remove the old one, then connect the new chain to the lift bar. Running water problem solved!
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Problem: Water is pooling on the floor around the base of the toilet.
Recommended fix: Replace the wax ring seal under the toilet.
Pooling body of water around the toilet base is constantly a induce for concern—is the toilet leaking from tank, bowl, or somewhere else ? It ’ mho often the consequence of a leak wax ring seal. To test if the wax hoop has gone badly, squirt some food coloring into the toilet roll and then flush the gutter. If color water system runs out from around the base, you ’ ll have to replace the wax ring. No necessitate to size shop class, as wax rings are one-size-fits-all standard toilet flange and are readily available at hardware or plumbing issue stores for about $ 5. While replacing the resound is a fairly dim-witted DIY plan, it involves physically lifting the entire toilet, which can weigh anywhere from 70 to 125 pounds depending on size and manner. such types of toilet repairs will require a potent back or, better so far, a assistant. ad
- Turn off the water supply, and then flush the toilet to drain the tank and bowl. Some residual water will remain in the bowl after flushing—be sure to bail it out with a cup or use a wet-type vacuum. There should be no water in the toilet tank.
- Disconnect the water supply valve from the bottom of the tank by twisting the nut loose where the hose meets the tank. If unable to do this by hand, use a crescent wrench.
- Use a flathead screwdriver to pry off the plastic caps that cover the toilet bolts on either side of the bottom of the base.
- Remove the nuts that are now visible from the toilet bolts, using a crescent wrench. Once the nuts are off, the toilet is no longer connected to the floor.
- Lift the toilet, base, and tank together, straight upward and off the bolts, and then set it aside on some cardboard or old towels protecting your bathroom floor.
- Use a putty knife to scrape off the old wax from the flange—the top of the drainpipe that is now visible. The old wax will probably come off in chunks. It’s important to remove all of it from the flange.
- Center a new wax ring on the flange, taking care not to nick it or dent it. It will be soft and pliable. Gently press it in place with your fingers.
- Reset the toilet by lowering it straight down with the base holes aligned over the protruding toilet bolts. It’s important to keep the toilet base level as you set it or you could damage the wax ring and have to do the whole thing over again. Recruit help, if necessary, to set the toilet.
- Replace the nuts on the bolts, tightening them snugly with the crescent wrench.
- Caulk around the base of the toilet to seal the gap where the toilet meets the floor.
- Cover the nuts and bolts with the plastic caps.
- Reattach the water supply hose to the connection at the base of the tank, and turn the water supply valve back on.
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Problem: The toilet only flushes partially before the tank begins filling back up.
Recommended fix: Check and adjust either the chain or the float.
If the toilet starts to flush but then stops, the range may be besides loosen ( causing the flapper to close prematurely ) or the filling valve may be allowing insufficient water into the cooler. here, gutter repairs can be angstrom elementary as adjustments made to these components. If you find yourself having to hold the handle down for the integral flush, the follow steps will get your toilet flushing correctly again .
- Remove the tank lid and flush the toilet. If the flapper drops back into place before the end of the flush, remove some of the slack from the chain by hooking it one or two links higher on the lift bar. If the problem persists, continue with the following steps.
- Watch the tank as it fills back up with water. When full, note how high the water level is compared to the top of the overflow tube (the vertical cylinder the flapper connects to). If the water level is lower than ½ inch from the top of the overflow valve, there probably isn’t enough water in the tank to completely flush the toilet, so you should adjust the fill valve to raise the water level, which will provide more water for each flush.
- Locate the fill valve—whose purpose is to let water fill the tank until it reaches the desired level—directly above the spot where the water supply tube connects beneath the tank. The fill valve in your tank may have a large float on the end of a bar that rises as the water level rises, or it may have an air-filled case that fits directly on the fill-valve post that rises as the water rises.
- Find the fill-valve adjustment screw on the side near the top. By turning the adjustment screw slightly one way or the other with a screwdriver, you can adjust the water level inside the toilet tank. It may take a little experimenting and repeated flushing to get it just right.
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The toilet is one of the most taken-for-granted fixtures in most homes. No one talks about it or thinks excessively much about it until it starts acting up—flushing lento, clogging, leaking, or even hissing. fortunately, most toilet problems are bare fixes, and a handy DIYer can tackle them in no time because the average gutter has only a few running parts. Calling a plumber to repair bare toilet problems is dearly-won and often unnecessary, since the most common issues have easy fixes. That said, replacing a wax band is simple, but it besides requires lifting the gutter from its base, which is physically strenuous. then if you ’ re not up for that, you may want to call a plumber for that fix .
FAQs About DIY Toilet Repair
At some point, about all homeowners are faced with clogged toilets or ones that aren ’ triiodothyronine flushing well, and they ask themselves, “ How does a toilet oeuvre ? ” A few questions are probable for those wanting to learn to troubleshoot and take the DIY path to fix toilet problems themselves .
Q. What are the most common types of toilets?
The most common type of gutter is a bikini ( separate tank and bowl ) whole that contains a tank with a flapper and a float. It relies on gravity to flush. Less common types may feature a toilet pump that sends a jet of water to flush the chiffonier with force .
Q. How much does toilet repair cost?
many DIY types of toilet repair cost nothing, including plunging the bowl or adjusting a chain or the float level. however, if the tank ’ sulfur inner workings are damaged, homeowners could pay an average of about $ 242 to have a plumber come out and make repairs, depending on the plumber ’ s hourly rate .
Q. How much water should be in the toilet tank?
The urine level in the tank is adjustable, and most toilets flush well when the water level is 1 to 2 inches below the fill valve and the flood tube. Learning how to adjust a toilet float ( see above ) will make it possible to select the optimum level for smooth blush. ad
Q. Can you repair a toilet flush valve?
If a toilet flush valve is cracked or broken, it should be replaced. This is a more ambitious DIY rectify than some, so some homeowners will want to call a plumber at this charge. If you ’ re up to the challenge, you ’ ll indigence to purchase a flush valve kit out, and it will come with complete instructions .
Q. Are toilet flappers universal?
Most are, but it depends on size, either 2 inches or 3 inches. You ’ ll need to get the size that ’ s already in the tank for the correct fit .
Q. How do you snake a toilet?
It sounds baleful, but it ’ s actually quite childlike. A toilet snake is an auger on a cable that feeds down the gutter bowl and into the bunker below to clear out a clog. The tiptoe of the plumber’s snake will normally dislodge the clog dance or snag it so it can be pulled back up. Many a toddler ’ south stuffed play has been retrieved in that manner.
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