generally speaking, to cite a secondary reservoir, you would cite the original source in the textbook of your newspaper, but you would provide a reference book to the secondary reservoir in the reference book list .
here are examples of how it works in the three major citation styles :
According to the APA manual it is best to “ cite secondary sources meagerly — for example, when the original work is out of print, unavailable, or available only in a terminology that you do not understand. If possible, as a matter of good scholarly drill, find the primary coil source, read it, and cite it directly rather than citing a secondary source ” ( American Psychological Association [ APA ], 2020, p. 258 ).
In your in-text quotation identify the primary source, and include in parentheses ” ( as cited in Author, Date ) ”. The mention list will only list the junior-grade reservoir. In the examples below, Smith ‘s discipline is the primary reservoir and Queenan et aluminum. is the junior-grade ( “ as cited in ” ) source .
Example In-Text Citation
Smith ‘s 2008 cogitation ( as cited in Queenan et al., 2016 ) found that …
Example Reference List Entry
Queenan, H. R., Johnson, F. W., Yili, T. S., Sannefort, M. R, & Langman, R. C. ( 2017 ). Cyberbullying in American young. Oxford University Press .
Citing an Indirect (Secondary) Source
The MLA Handbook ( 9th edition ), p. 284 states that you should use the master reference if you can find it. however, if you need to cite an indirect source, as the manual refers to secondary sources, if what you quote or paraphrase is itself a quotation, put the abbreviation qtd. in ( “ quoted in ” ) before the indirect source you cite in your parenthetic mention. ( You may wish to clarify the relation between the original and secondhand sources in a note. )
Works Cited Example
Beirne, Logan. Blood of Tyrants : George Washington & the fashion of the Presidency. Encounter Books, 2013. EBSCOhost, ezproxy.snhu.edu/login ? url=https : //search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx ? direct=true & db=nlebk & AN=589117 & site=eds-live & scope=site .
George Washington described his suffer with french officers, then a blackjack year erstwhile, in his diaries and explained that the wine the officers drank “ banished their restraint ” ( qtd. in Berine 450 ) .
Per the Chicago Manual of Style ( 17th edition ) you want to try your best to find the original source and quote that. however, if that is n’t possible, the general formats are described below .
Notes & Bibliography
Both the original and the secondary sources must be listed in the note ; however, lone the secondary source appears in the citation list ( see incision 14.260 : Citations taken from secondary sources ).
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Costello, Bonnie. Marianne Moore : fanciful Possessions. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1981 .
Note General Format
2. author First Name Author last name, Title of Book ( place : publisher, Year ), page total ( s ), quoted in Author First Name Author last name, Title of Book ( target : publisher, Year ), page number ( second ) .
3. Author First Name Author last Name, “ title of Article, ” Title of Journal vol #, no. ( offspring # ) ( Date ) : page number ( s ), quoted in Author First Name Author end identify, Title of Book ( home : publisher, Year ), page number ( randomness ) .
2. Louis Zukofsky, “ Sincerity and Objectification, ” Poetry 37 ( February 1931 ) : 269, quoted in Bonnie Costello, Marianne Moore : fanciful Possessions ( Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press, 1981 ), 78 .
If an original source is unavailable, and “ quoted in ” must be resorted to, mention the original writer and date in the text, and cite the secondary reservoir in the reference number submission. The in-text quotation would include the words “ quoted in ” ( see section 15.56 : “ Quoted in ” in author-date references ) .
Reference List Example
Costello, Bonnie. 1981. Marianne Moore : fanciful Possessions. Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press .
In Louis Zukofsky ’ s “ Sincerity and Objectification, ” from the February 1931 publish of Poetry magazine ( quoted in Costello 1981 ) …
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This information is intended to be a guidepost, not technical advice. Please be certain to speak to your professor about the appropriate way to cite a junior-grade source in your classify assignments and projects .
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