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Reading: How to Care for a Calla Lily
Calla Lily Care in the Garden
calla lilies ( Zantedeschia sp. ) are native to South Africa and are considered bid perennials, since they wo n’t tolerate freezing weather. They ‘re only hardy in ardent areas in Zones 8-10. They grow from bulb-like rhizomes, and bad, firm rhizomes will give you bad plants and lots of flowers. Smaller ones will besides grow and bloom, but not as vigorously. overall, calla lily flowers can last up to a calendar month when entrust on the plants, or for a couple of weeks when cut for vases .
Plant calla lilies in entire sun to part shade. They need damp but well-drained land, since excessively boggy dirty may cause the rhizomes to rot. Before establish, enrich the territory with plenty of organic corporeal, such as compost, which will help create the best conditions for growing .
Plant callas in the spring after all danger of frost has passed, or when the territory has warmed up to at least 65°F. For a head-start on blooms, implant the rhizomes indoors about a calendar month before the average date of your last frost. Transplant them into the garden when the upwind warms up .
Plant the rhizomes with the growing tips facing up. Bury them four inches deep and a foot apart, measuring from center to center field, and water them in. Mulch them to help control weeds and keep the soil damp. Water regularly, specially during dry periods, until the plants are established .
Callas grow quickly, so you should see shoots about two weeks after planting. Flowers will follow in 13 to 16 weeks, depending on the assortment you ‘re growing. You can grow a shuffle of early, mid, and late season varieties for a continuous flower picture. Remove faded flowers as needed to keep the plant looking tidy and to encourage reblooming .
While they ‘re actively growing, keep your callas systematically moist and do n’t let them dry out. Apply a balanced fluent fertilizer every two weeks while they ‘re blooming, or equally directed on your intersection label. An important contribution of manage is to let the plant rest and go abeyant once it stops blooming. Water it less as it naturally starts to die second. If you live where it freezes, you will need to dig up the rhizomes in regulate to overwinter them.
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How to Care for Calla Lilies in Pots
Potted calla lilies, particularly when grown for Easter, are much thrown out when they stop blooming, but you do n’t have to do this. alternatively, let them go abeyant and keep them in a cool, dark plaza without water for a couple of months. then put them back in the light and start water again. They should leaf out and start bloom .
You can besides start rhizomes in containers to enjoy as houseplants. Use fresh container potting mix that drains easily. Plant them with their growing tips improving and space them about four inches apart, measuring from center to center. Water lightly at first base, or until a few leaves appear within a couple of weeks, then increase watering to ensure they do n’t dry out. Feed the plants monthly with a liquid fertilizer, according to label directions .
Before freezing weather arrives, bring potted calla lilies indoors, unless you live in Zones 8 to 10 ( these tropical plants can overwinter outdoors in these zones, but will be damaged or killed in temperatures below 25°F. ). Put the pots in a cheery window to continue growing, or dig up the rhizomes and store them indoors. If you like, repot the rhizomes in the spring .
How to Store Calla Lilies for the winter
Gardeners in warm climates can leave calla lily rhizomes in the ground over the winter. otherwise, remove the leaves from your plants and cut the stems to one to two inches tall before your first freeze. Dig up the rhizomes and put them in a warm, dry position where the temperatures stay between 65 and 75°F. Leave them there to cure for three days .
once they ‘ve cured, pack the rhizomes in a box filled with some slightly damp peat moss or sawdust. Store the box in a dark place at 50 to 60°F. Check them from time to clock time to make sure they do n’t get besides dry or start to rot from besides much moisture .