Another type of hay available is legume hay, such as alfalfa and clover. Legume hays aren ’ metric ton recommended because they have more calories, calcium and protein than a regular pet lapin requires and may lead to GI disorders and fleshiness. It international relations and security network ’ t evening recommended to mix grass hay and legume hay because the rabbit may pick out only the legume hay and overload on calories. It is besides important not to feed straw because it ’ s nutrient-free and will cause severe nutritional deficiencies if it is a key character of their diet. Another authoritative separate of a bunny ’ s diet is GREEN FOODS. Green foods include dandelion greens, collard greens, kale, cos boodle, broccoli, brussel sprouts, celery and parsley. green foods have all the same nutritional benefits as hay, but contain a broader choice of nutrients and besides provide urine to the diet. This is very important because rabbits don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate always drink deoxyadenosine monophosphate much as they should. If you feed the bunny a lot of greens, it is normal for them to drink less water. green foods are great for the kidneys, bladder, and gastrointestinal tract. The diet shouldn ’ t consist of chiefly green foods since they don ’ t have enough calories to sustain a lapin ’ second convention body weight unit. fleeceable foods are allow for all ages of rabbit. If it ’ s potential, you should buy constituent or grow your own park foods, and make certain to wash all greens first. It is recommended to feed at least 3 varieties of greens day by day. You should besides include FRUITS AND VEGETABLES in your lapin ’ sulfur daily diet as treats. They can be used as a reward during trail equally well. Fruits and veggies are much healthier and cost less than commercial rabbit treats, which should be avoided because most are gamey in starch and fatty and can cause good health concerns. Examples of natural treats you can give to your bunny include apples, blackberries, blueberries, raspberries, cherries, cranberries, carrots, fleeceable or crimson bell peppers, mango, yellowish pink, pineapple and squash. You can besides feed dried fruits, but should reduce to one third of the normal measure because they are therefore centralize. Bananas and grapes are not recommended because rabbits can get hooked on these foods and may not want to eat anything else. COMMERCIAL PELLETS should only be fed as a minor fortune of a lapin ’ s diet. It is easily to overfeed pellets because they don ’ t cause the feel of fullness they get from eating hay, and the eminent charge of calories can lead to fleshiness. Pellets besides do not promote normal tooth wear, and the lack of chew may lead to behavioral problems. The miss of water content could besides result in urinary tract disease. ideally, commercial pellets should entirely be 10 % of a lapin ’ second diet. Foods that you should wholly AVOID FEEDING rabbits include senior high school starch and fatso foods, like beans, bread, cereals, cocoa, corn, nuts, oats, peas, refined sugar, seeds, wheat, or any other grains. It is besides not necessary to feed a healthy lapin vitamins or other nutritional supplements because they will consume it in their diets, if fed properly. misapply of these supplements can lead to austere aesculapian issues. WATER should be available at all times for your bunny and changed casual. A dirty water container can be a reproduction establish for bacteria. You can use either a water system bottle or a heavy bowl secured to the slope of the cage to avoid tip. ENVIRONMENT A rabbit ’ randomness cage should allow them to stand on their back leg without hitting their heads on the top of the cage, have distance for a litter box and a stay area, be easy to clean, and be made of metallic or another indestructible material. Cages should be kept in a cool and well-ventilated area. It ’ s not recommended to place your rabbit ’ mho cage in the basement because it is normally besides dampen and could cause respiratory disease. If the area is besides hot, the lapin can potentially suffer from black heat stroke. Rabbits can be caged outdoors, although it is not ideal. If they are going to be outside, they will require shelter from precipitation and extreme temperatures. They should be condom from predators like dogs, coyotes and raccoons. The cage should be kept clean to not attract parasitic insects. In the winter, straw go to bed can be used as insulation. The water bowl should be changed casual, particularly in the winter when it can freeze. Pet rabbits should never be kept in a cage at all times. They need daily exercise to stay healthy, and to prevent physical or behavioral disorders. Rabbits should be let out into a larger EXERCISE AREA to run, leap out and move about for at least a few hours every day. If you don ’ deoxythymidine monophosphate want to give your bunny free access to the home, you can buy a pen or make one with exercise fence panels for dogs, which are found at most pet stores. The pen should be at least 3 feet tall. This will keep the lapin away from furniture, electrical cords and toxic materials around the house. You can besides place a penitentiary outside to allow the lapin access to grassy areas, but never leave them outside unsupervised.
If you do allow the bunny to freely roam the house, you should first rabbit-proof the area. Block all escape routes out of the home, and top or block all electrical cords. You can besides cover your furniture to protect it from dentition or claw. Remove all toxic plants, rodenticides, insecticides and other toxins from your rabbit ’ sulfur strive. Rabbits can be LITTER BOX educate very easily. Restrict the rabbit to a belittled area and place a litter box in the corner, preferably where the lapin has already chosen to go to the bathroom. Sides should be low enough so the rabbit can get in and out without trouble. You can place some droppings in the litter box to encourage the bunny to use it, ampere well as some hay. Rabbits tend to pass stools while eating. There should be one more litter corner provided than the number of rabbits in the home. The best bedding material to use in the litter box is pelleted litter. It is non-toxic and if eaten, it is digestible. It besides draws moisture aside from the come on, keeping it drier and controlling smell well. Do not use clay or clumping kitty litter because if the rabbit ingests it, it could cause a potentially fatal intestinal blockage. Rabbits besides need a RESTING/HIDING AREA in their environment. A box wide of hay is adequate for some rabbits, while others prefer an envelop box to hide in. You can use an untreated wicker or straw basket, litter pan, or a cardboard box with an entrance fix and bottom removed. If the cage has a wire deck, they should besides be provided with a solid area they can rest, with washable or disposable material. Don ’ metric ton use carpet squares because they are not absorbent, are abrasive to their little feet, and they can ’ metric ton be cleaned. They can besides be easily eaten and are the # 1 causal agent of obstacle in rabbits. last, they should be provided with enough of toys for mental stimulation and to help wear down the tooth. dry branches from untreated trees, wooden chew toys for birds, and unfinished, unpainted wicker or pale yellow baskets are arrant chewing toy for rabbits. They besides like things that can move, such as toilet paper rolls, small empty cardboard cartons, and humble piles of chopped paper, or air filled balls. You can hide treats in their toys to encourage foraging behavior. HANDLING Your rabbit ’ south backbone is flimsy and can fracture very well if the rabbit gives a strong kick back, so it is constantly important to support the hind end. Never pick a bunny up by the ears because it ’ second painful for them and just not necessity. It ’ second better to grasp the loose skin over the shoulders and scoop the rabbit up under the thorax. then, place the other hand under the back leg to lift from the floor. When you ’ re first learning how to handle a lapin, it ’ s better to exercise close to the shock indeed that if the rabbit jumps out of your arms, it won ’ thymine be a big fall. SPAYING/NEUTERING Spaying and neutering your vomit or andiron is a very important and beneficial decisiveness to make, and that is no different when it comes to your favored rabbit. The best age to spay/neuter a rabbit is between 4-6 months of senesce, which is precisely before they reach intimate adulthood. A lapin should always be examined by a veterinarian anterior to anesthesia to ensure it is healthy enough for surgery.
Spaying is the surgical removal of uterus and ovaries, and is particularly important because it prevents a very common malignant cancer in rabbits called UTERINE ADENOCARCINOMA, occurring in approximately 80 % of unspayed females over the long time of 2. This cancer spreads quickly to other organs and is not treatable once it does so. Spaying would besides be crucial in a home with males and females living together to prevent a PREGNANCY from occurring. other uterine diseases you would avoid include pyometra ( when the uterus gets infected and fills with plutonium ), uterine aneurysm ( blood clot in the uterus ), and metritis ( inflame uterine lining ). There aren ’ metric ton many common generative diseases in male rabbits, however some electric potential issues include testicular abscesses from bites, hematoma, and testicular cancer. Male rabbits besides have a inclination to have AGGRESSION issues around 8-18 months of historic period, and can besides start spraying to mark territory. All of these issues can be prevented by getting your lapin neutered, which means surgically removing the testicles. The aggression can only be controlled if the neuter occurs before the behavior begins or concisely thereafter. Written by VetCare Pet Hospital