Tips for Caregivers and Families of People With Dementia

A caregiver, sometimes referred to as a caretaker, refers to anyone who provides worry for another person. Millions of people living in the United States take worry of a friend or kin member with Alzheimer ’ s disease or a associate dementia. Sometimes caregivers live with the person or nearby, other times they live far away. For many families, caring for a person with dementia international relations and security network ’ thyroxine good one person ’ second problem, but the function of many people who contribution tasks and responsibilities. No matter what kind of health professional you are, taking care of another person can be overwhelming at times. These tips and suggestions may help with everyday care and tasks .

Tips for Everyday Care for People With Dementia

early on in Alzheimer ’ randomness and associate dementia, people experience changes in think, remember, and reasoning in a manner that affects casual life and activities. finally, people with these diseases will need more avail with simple, everyday tasks. This may include bathe, prepare, and dressing. It may be upsetting to the person to need assistant with such personal activities. hera are a few tips to consider early on and as the disease progresses :

  • Try to keep a routine, such as bathing, dressing, and eating at the same time each day.
  • Help the person write down to-do lists, appointments, and events in a notebook or calendar.
  • Plan activities that the person enjoys and try to do them at the same time each day.
  • Consider a system or reminders for helping those who must take medications regularly.
  • When dressing or bathing, allow the person to do as much as possible.
  • Buy loose-fitting, comfortable, easy-to-use clothing, such as clothes with elastic waistbands, fabric fasteners, or large zipper pulls instead of shoelaces, buttons, or buckles.
  • Use a sturdy shower chair to support a person who is unsteady and to prevent falls. You can buy shower chairs at drug stores and medical supply stores.
  • Be gentle and respectful. Tell the person what you are going to do, step by step while you help them bathe or get dressed.
  • Serve meals in a consistent, familiar place and give the person enough time to eat.

Tips for Changes in Communication and Behavior for People With Dementia

communication can be hard for people with Alzheimer ’ mho and refer dementia because they have perturb remembering things. They besides can become shake and anxious, tied angry. In some forms of dementia, terminology abilities are affected such that people have trouble finding the right words or have difficulty speak. You may feel frustrated or impatient, but it is authoritative to understand that the disease is causing the change in communication skills. To help make communication easier, you can :

  • Reassure the person. Speak calmly. Listen to his or her concerns and frustrations. Try to show that you understand if the person is angry or fearful.
  • Allow the person to keep as much control in his or her life as possible.
  • Respect the person’s personal space.
  • Build quiet times into the day, along with activities.
  • Keep well-loved objects and photographs around the house to help the person feel more secure.
  • Remind the person who you are if he or she doesn’t remember, but try not to say, “Don’t you remember?”
  • Encourage a two-way conversation for as long as possible.
  • Try distracting the person with an activity, such as a familiar book or photo album, if you are having trouble communicating with words.

Tips for a Healthy and Active Lifestyle for People With Dementia

Eating goodly and staying active agent is dependable for everyone and is particularly authoritative for people with Alzheimer ’ sulfur and relate dementia. As the disease progresses, finding ways for the person to eat healthy foods and stay active voice may be increasingly challenging. here are some tips that may help :

  • Consider different activities the person can do to stay active, such as household chores, cooking and baking, exercise, and gardening. Match the activity to what the person can do.
  • Help get an activity started or join in to make the activity more fun. People with dementia may lack interest or initiative and can have trouble starting activities. But, if others do the planning, they may join in.
  • Add music to exercises or activities if it helps motivate the person. Dance to the music if possible.
  • Be realistic about how much activity can be done at one time. Several short “mini-workouts” may be best.
  • Take a walk together each day. Exercise is good for caregivers, too!
  • Buy a variety of healthy foods, but consider food that is easy to prepare, such as premade salads and single portions.
  • Give the person choices about what to eat, for example, “Would you like yogurt or cottage cheese?”

Tips for Home Safety for People With Dementia

As a caregiver or family member to a person with Alzheimer ’ s or related dementia, you can take steps to make the home a safer place. Removing hazards and adding guard features around the base can help give the person more freedom to move around independently and safely. Try these tips :

  • If you have stairs, make sure there is at least one handrail. Put carpet or safety grip strips on stairs, or mark the edges of steps with brightly colored tape so they are more visible.
  • Insert safety plugs into unused electrical outlets and consider safety latches on cabinet doors.
  • Clear away unused items and remove small rugs, electrical cords, and other items the person may trip over.
  • Make sure all rooms and outdoor areas the person visits have good lighting.
  • Remove curtains and rugs with busy patterns that may confuse the person.
  • Remove or lock up cleaning and household products, such as paint thinner and matches.

Provider talking to an older adult in her home about Alzheimer's research centers.

National Centers, Local Resources

The National Institute on Aging funds Alzheimer ‘s Disease Research Centers across the U.S. that offer support groups and programs for people with dementia and their families .
Search for a center near you.

Tips for Caregivers: Taking Care of Yourself

Being a caregiver can be highly rewarding, but it can besides be overwhelming. Caring for a person with Alzheimer ‘s or a refer dementia takes time and effort. It can feel lone and frustrating. You might even feel angry, which could be a sign you are trying to take on excessively much. It is authoritative to find time to take care of yourself. hera are some tips that may offer some relief :

  • Ask for help when you need it. This could mean asking family members and friends to help or reaching out to local services for additional care needs.
  • Eat nutritious foods, which can help keep you healthy and active for longer.
  • Join a caregiver’s support group online or in person. Meeting other caregivers will give you a chance to share stories and ideas and can help keep you from feeling isolated.
  • Take breaks each day. Try making a cup of tea or calling a friend.
  • Spend time with friends and keep up with hobbies.
  • Get exercise as often as you can. Try doing yoga or going for a walk.
  • Try practicing meditation. Research suggests that practicing meditation may reduce blood pressure, anxiety and depression, and insomnia.
  • Consider seeking help from mental health professionals to help you cope with stress and anxiety. Talk with your doctor about finding treatment.

Make Yourself a Priority, Too: Tips for Caregivers

Make Yourself a Priority, Too: Tips for Caregivers infographic
Read and plowshare this infographic from NIA to help spread the discussion about caring for yourself while caring for others .

Planning for the Future: Tips for Caregivers

Making health care decisions for person who is no longer able to do then can be overpower. That ’ second why it is important to plan health care directives in advance. To help design for the future, you can :

  • Start discussions early with your loved one so they can be involved in the decision-making process.
  • Get permission in advance to talk to the doctor or lawyer of the person you’re caring for, as needed. There may be questions about care, a bill, or a health insurance claim. Without consent, you may not be able to get needed information.
  • Consider legal and financial matters, options for in-home care, long-term care, and funeral and burial arrangements.

Learning about your love one ’ mho disease will help you know what to expect as the dementia progresses and what you can do .

Daughter talking to her mother about planning for her future while living with dementia

Planning for a Future With Dementia

What steps can you take now to prepare for health care, finance, long-run care, and end-of-life decisions ?
Learn about planning for tomorrow.

Find More Resources on Caregiving

Explore the resources on this web site and linked below to find more information from federal politics agencies .

National Institute on Aging (NIA)

Alzheimer’s Caregiving
Learn how to respond to changes in communication and demeanor, provide casual worry, and get help when needed .

National Institute on Aging (NIA)

Alzheimer’s Disease Publications
explore free publications from NIA on Alzheimer ’ sulfur and relate dementia, caregiving, and healthy age. besides available in spanish .

Administration for Community Living (ACL)

Eldercare Locator
Use this absolve public serve by searching on-line or calling toll-free to get connected to services in your residential district .

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Caregiving Information From CDC
Learn about caregivers in the United States, the affect of providing manage, and how to develop a concern plan. besides available in spanish .


Alzheimer’s Caregivers Health Topic on MedlinePlus
Read about the responsibilities of caregiving and avenues for getting aid, and find links to data on specific care topics. besides available in spanish .

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)

NINDS Dementia Publications
Get free publications from NINDS on dementia. besides available in spanish.

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)

VA Caregiver Support Programs
Find a support line, caregiver defend coordinator, programs specific to caregivers of veterans, and early resources such as self-care activities and tips and tools .

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